A video micro-lecture that discusses Earth’s energy balance and the greenhouse effect of the atmosphere.
A reading that introduces a single-layer atmosphere model, which is based on the emissivity of thermal radiation, to explain atmospheric warming.
A reading that discusses the blackbody emission properties of the Sun and planets, describes the calculation of planetary temperatures by using the Stefan-Boltzmann Law, and explains the effect of atmospheres on planetary temperatures.
A reading that discusses the use of the law of conservation of angular momentum to explain the extent of Hadley cells.
A hands-on classroom/laboratory activity to learn about the Coriolis Effect.
A video and visualization to learn about glacier modeling and the prediction of the future of glaciers by using mathematical models.
A classroom/laboratory activity that introduces the relationship between climate and the cryosphere, explains how sea-level rise can be predicted (based on average global temperature change), and triggers a discussion on the potential impacts of sea-level rise.
A classroom/laboratory activity to learn about glacial retreat and to predict the complete melting of a glacier (specifically, for an example in Glacier National Park).
An interactive visualization to explore the effects of melting ice sheets and the resulting sea level rise on coastal areas.
A reading that introduces the topic of glaciers and their formation.
A reading to learn about recent changes in hurricane activity, specifically in the Atlantic.
A reading to learn about the Hadley Cell and a simple model for the Hadley Circulation, using the law of conservation of angular momentum.
A reading to learn about what affect hurricane activity and the measures that can help in building resilience to the impacts of hurricanes.
A classroom/laboratory activity to learn about the isotopes of hydrogen and oxygen, analyze the isotopic composition of ice, and understand how isotopic compositions can be used to recreate past temperatures and climate.
Students will plot graphs to analyze data from the Vostok ice core in Antarctica, learn about the ice age and the gas age, calculate past temperatures using hydrogen isotope data, and discuss the possible impacts of changes in carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) concentrations on climate.
Use this tool to help your students find answers to:
- How can you use hydrogen isotope data in an ice core to determine temperature?
- How can the isotopic composition of air bubbles in ice cores be used to recreate past climate?
About the Tool
|Tool Name||Lab: Vostok Ice Core|
|Discipline||Chemistry, Earth Sciences|
|Topic(s) in Discipline||Isotopes, Isotopic Ratios, Isotopic Composition in paloeclimate reconstructions|
|Climate Topic||Climate and the Cryosphere, Climate Variability Record|
|Type of Tool||Laboratory Activity|
|Developed by||Stephanie Pfirman, Barnard College|
|Hosted at||Columbia University: The Climate System course taught by Peter Schlosser, Stephanie Pfirman, Mingfang Ting, Jason Smerdon|
An e-learning course to learn about the Earth’s climate system, climate change in the past and present, the impact of climate change, and measures for adaption and mitigation.