“This model explores the “Gaia hypothesis”, which considers the Earth as a single, self-regulating system including both living and non-living parts. In particular, this model explores how living organisms both alter and are altered by climate, which is non-living. The example organisms are daisies and the climatic factor considered is temperature.” |

## Climate Prediction

In this activity, students model the effect of change in the radiation entering or leaving the Earth on the resulting temperature of the planet. Students use Excel spreadsheets to model the data, and then investigate whether a polynomial function or an exponential function provides the best prediction. |

## Integrating Sustainability Into Algebra Courses: A Manual For Instructors

This teaching manual for instructors contains modules that integrate sustainability themes in mathematics curricula. Modules in this manual include Milkweed and monarch butterflies, Wind energy, Greenhouse gas emissions associated with automotive fuels, and Carbon footprints and population growth.

## Using trigonometric functions to model climate

In this exercise students are provided with local temperature data of Wellington, New Zealand and they model fluctuations in temperature dats using sine and cosine functions. This activity can be replicated for any location where local temperature data is available. |

## Global Warming: A Zonal Energy Balance Model

This laboratory activity involves creating an Energy Balance Model for planet Earth by writing code in MATLAB or Mathematica. Students create their model that focuses on the distribution of Earth’s surface temperature in response to carbon emissions in the atmosphere. |

## US and China CO2 Emisisons

In this activity, students are provided with CO2 emissions, population, and per capita emissions data for the US and China from 1980 to 2014. This dataset and associated exercise can be used to teach introductory calculus and topics in integration such as Reimann Sums and area under curves to calculate total emissions and per capita emissions and their average rate of change for each country. |

## Mauna Loa Yearly Average CO2

In this activity, students are provided with mean atmospheric CO2 concentration from the Mauna Loa observatory from 1950 to the present. This dataset and associated exercise can be used to teach introductory calculus and topics in differentiation such as polynomial differentiation, tangent line problem, and curve fitting amongst others.

## Global Warming II: Create Your Own Models in Python

This e-learning course contains a series of hands-on programming exercises intended for learners to create their own climate models in Python. Learners will create the energy balance model, ice albedo feedback model, ice sheet dynamics model, pressure, rotation and fluid flow model. |