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Video/ Microlecture: Climate Change in the Chemistry Classroom

A classroom/laboratory activity to understand the carbon cycle, and to explore how human activities may affect the natural carbon cycle.

Students will run a simulation to explore how an increase in fossil fuel use will affect the natural carbon cycle, and will discuss the possible impacts on flora and fauna.

Use this tool to help your students find answers to:

  1. Which components in the carbon cycle act as carbon sinks?
  2. What are the possible impacts of deforestation on the natural carbon cycle? How might these changes affect the Earth’s climate?

About the Tool

Tool Name The Habitable Planet – Carbon Lab
Discipline Chemistry
Topic(s) in Discipline Carbon Cycle, Biogeochemical Cycles, Environmental Chemistry
Climate Topic Long-term Cycles and Feedback Mechanisms
Type of Tool Laboratory Activity
Grade Level High School
Location  Global
Language English
Translation
Developed by Annenberg Learner
Hosted at Annenberg Learner
Link https://www.learner.org/courses/envsci/interactives/carbon/index.php
Access Online
Computer Skills Intermediate
Reading: Beer-Lambert Law E-Learning Course: Climate Change- A Guide For Teachers Of All Disciplines
Video/ Microlecture: Climate Change in the Biology Classroom Video/ Microlecture: Climate Change in the Physics Classroom
Video: The Greenhouse Effect of the Atmosphere Teaching Module: Teach Climate Science with the Teacher Friendly Guide To Climate Change™
Video/ Microlecture: Climate Change in the Social Sciences Classroom man people writing mathematics Reading: The Physics of Climate Change

A classroom/laboratory activity to learn about the isotopes of hydrogen and oxygen, analyze the isotopic composition of ice, and understand how isotopic compositions can be used to recreate past temperatures and climate.

Students will plot graphs to analyze data from the Vostok ice core in Antarctica, learn about the ice age and the gas age, calculate past temperatures using hydrogen isotope data, and discuss the possible impacts of changes in carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) concentrations on climate.

Use this tool to help your students find answers to:

  1. How can you use hydrogen isotope data in an ice core to determine temperature?
  2. How can the isotopic composition of air bubbles in ice cores be used to recreate past climate?

About the Tool

Tool Name Lab: Vostok Ice Core
Discipline Chemistry, Earth Sciences
Topic(s) in Discipline Isotopes, Isotopic Ratios, Isotopic Composition in paleoclimate reconstructions, Atomic Number, Atomic Mass
Climate Topic Climate and the Cryosphere, Climate Variability Record
Type of Tool Laboratory Activity
Grade Level Undergraduate
Location Antarctica
Vostok Station
Language English
Translation
Developed by  Stephanie Pfirman, Barnard College
Hosted at Columbia University: The Climate System course taught by Peter Schlosser, Stephanie Pfirman, Mingfang Ting, Jason Smerdon
Link Link
Access Online, Offline
Computer Skills Intermediate
Video/ Microlecture: Climate Change in the Humanities Classroom
Video/ Microlecture: Climate Change in the Geography Classroom Video/ Microlecture: Climate Change: The Physics Connection

As an Undergraduate Biological Sciences teacher, you can use this set of computer based tools to enable students to develop a comprehensive understanding about how vertebrate populations of red deer (Cervus elaphus) show evolutionary responses in terms of reproductive fitness to climate change

Through this lesson students can observe how warming temperatures caused by climate change can have a direct effect on advancement of parturition time or breeding time. The changed breeding time and optimum fitness may reshape selective pressure and decrease population growth and place them at risk. 

Thus, the use of this lesson plan allows you to integrate the teaching of a climate science topic with a core topic in the Biological Sciences.

Teacher-contributed lesson plan by Dr. Simran Jit (Assistant Professor, Miranda House, University of Delhi) and Dr. Jaspreet Kaur (Assistant Professor, Maitreyi College, University of Delhi)

Want to know more about how to contribute? Contact us.

Questions

Use this Lesson Plan to help the students to understand and find answers to:

  1. What is fecundity?
  2. What is the role of reproductive fitness in natural selection and evolution?
  3. How climate change has led to changes in reproductive fitness in animals like Red deer?

About Lesson Plan

Grade Level Undergraduate
Discipline Biological Sciences
Topic(s) in Discipline Evolutionary Biology, Natural Selection, Reproductive Fitness, Fecundity, Red Deer, Cervus elaphus
Climate Topic Climate and the Biosphere
Location Global
Language(s) English
Access Online
Approximate
Time Required
50 – 60 min

 

Contents

Video

(2 min)

An introductory video that discusses the example of red deer which are giving birth slightly earlier each year due to warming climate.

This can be accessed here.

Video

(14 mins)

A video that explains the relationship between reproductive fitness and natural selection using examples.

This can be accessed here.

Reading

(20 min)

A research article that demonstrates how the population of Red deer, living on the Isle of Rum, on the west coast of Scotland are evolving to give birth earlier in a warming climate.

This can be accessed here.

Reading

(5 min)

An article provides the details about reproductive fitness and how it is linked with natural selection.

This can be accessed here.

Classroom/ Laboratory Activity

(15-20 mins)

Using the above article, help students to learn the basic concepts of natural selection and reproductive variance through a hands-on activity.

This can be downloaded from here.

 

Here is a step-by-step guide to using this lesson plan in the classroom/laboratory. We have suggested these steps as a possible plan of action. You may customize the lesson plan according to your preferences and requirements.

1 Introduce the topic by playing a video lecture A video titled, “Evolutionary Thinking: Natural Selection” by Yale Courses, can be used to discuss the principle of reproductive fitness and how it is related with natural selection. This video can be used to discuss the basic conditions which are required for natural selection to occur. One of these conditions include ‘variation in reproductive successes.

This can be accessed here.

2 Discuss the topic further by using this short article This article titled, “The Meaning of Fitness” by Sedeer el-Showk, can be used to emphasize the role of variation in reproductive success using the article.

This can be accessed here.

3 Demonstrate how it related to Climate Change through this video  The video titled “Scottish red deer 'evolving' due to climate change” by Sharjah24 News, can be used to discuss how the animals are evolving in order to cope up with climate change by giving the recent example of red deer which are giving birth slightly earlier each year due to warming climate.

This can be accessed here.

4 Enhance student knowledge on impact of Climate change on Red Deers through this article An article titled, “The role of selection and evolution in changing parturition date in a red deer population” by Timothée Bonnet et. al., can be used to further build upon the original research article, wherein the role of selection and evolution in changing parturition date in a red deer population has been discussed in detail.

This can be accessed here.

5 Conduct this Classroom/ Laboratory activity for hands-on experience Now, conduct the classroom/laboratory activity to explore the topic in more detail. This activity will help students to learn the basic concepts of natural selection and reproductive variance wherein different selective pressures like climate change can change the parturition date in a red deer population.

Navigate to the ‘S1 Data. Data necessary to reproduce all analysis’ under ‘Supporting Information’ of the original research article (Bonnet et al., 2019). The original article can be accessed here. Alternatively, the data files can be directly downloaded from here.

Then conduct simple linear regression analysis for parturition date or offspring birthdate (in days) over the 45-year study period (from 1972 to 2016). The steps are given below:

  1. Open the link and download the zipped folder.
  2. The folder contains data files. Import ‘Birth_fit_data.txt’ file in MS Excel.
  3. Use the two columns ‘​​OffspBirthYear &; OffspBirthDate’ and sort the OffBirthYear in ascending order.
  4. Use the sorted data (from 1972 to 2016) for linear regression analysis by adding the trendline and displaying R-equation on the chart.
  5. You will observe the trend line with a negative slope (goes down and right). Statistically, this implies that as x increases, y decreases. In other words, the OffSpBirthDate decreases with increasing OffspBirthYear.

Thus, this activity uses the original research data to deduce the statistical inference about decreased parturition date with respect to changing climate conditions during the 45-year study period (from 1972 to 2016).

 

Teaching Module: pH Scale, Ocean Chemistry and Impact of Ocean Acidification on Marine Life
Reading: Climate Change- The Teacher Friendly Guide™ blue and gray moon during nighttime Reading: What is the Atmosphere?
Classroom/Laboratory Activity: Black Carbon and Earth’s Albedo Video Micro-lecture: Ocean Buffer Chemistry
Video/Microlecture: Teaching Climate Change in the Humanities and History Classrooms antarctic landscape with broken ice on water and frozen mounts Reading: What is the Cryosphere?
Reading: A History of Climate Models Audio: Rap Music and Climate Change
Video/Microlecture: The Role of the Social Sciences sea under white dramatic sky Reading: What is the Hydrosphere?
Video Micro-lecture: Modes of Vibration in Greenhouse Gas Molecules books in shelf Audio: Climate Change Literature
strict female teacher with book pointing at scribbled blackboard Video Lecture: An Introduction to Atmospheric Thermodynamics smart kids learning cell structure Reading: Climate Change in the Life Sciences Classroom
black metal rod on brown wooden surface Reading: What is the Lithosphere? Classroom/Laboratory Activity: What are Aerosols?
wood hotel summer sun Reading: Postcolonial Studies and Climate Change woman in red long sleeve writing on chalk board Video/ Microlecture: Quantum Physics
Video micro-lecture: Phase Diagrams and Earth’s Climate Reading: A Climate Fiction (Cli-Fi) Syllabus
white clouds over black asphalt road Reading: Climate Disasters: An Overview Video Lecture: Quantum Mechanics and Climate Change
Video: Ethics, Philosophy and Value Theory Visualization: Blackbody Spectrum
body of water Reading: The Water Cycle hollywood sign Audio: Climate Change Poems read by Celebrities
toucan on green grass near sea Reading: Climate Change and Ecosystems Reading: Climate Change in the Social Sciences Classroom
Classroom/ Laboratory Activity: Interactive Quiz on the Water Cycle brown and white factory building during night time Reading: Chaos Theory and Global Warming
light dawn landscape sunset Video/Microlecture: Precipitation Patterns and Climate Change E-learning Course: Impact of Climate Change on Cities

A guidebook of gender-sensitive approaches to climate change policy for city planning. It discusses the different ways in which women and men are affected by climate change. This guidebook includes discussions on gender inequalities such as gender division of labour, gender differentials in income, gender biases in decision making, and other factors contributing to climate vulnerability.

Students will understand how climate change impacts genders differently. They will also learn the importance of gender sensitivity in formulating climate change policies. Students will be introduced to gender sensitive climate adaptation, mitigation and resilience in cities.

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. How does climate change affect genders differently?
  2. Give a few reasons why climate change policies should use a gender-sensitive approach
  3. What are the priorities for gender-sensitive climate policies at urban levels?

About the Tool 

Tool Name Gender and Urban Climate Policy: Gender-Sensitive Policies Make a Difference
Discipline Humanities, Social Sciences
Topic(s) in Discipline Gender, Gender and Climate Change, Gender Inequality, Urban Planning, Public Policy, Climate Change Policy, Climate Vulnerability
Climate Topic Climate and Society, Policies, Politics, and Environmental Governance
Type of Tool Reading
Grade Level Undergraduate, Graduate
Location  Global
Language English
Translation
Developed by Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development 
Hosted at Giz, UN Habitat, Gender CC 
Link Reading Link
Access Online, Offline
Computer Skills Basic

 

blue electric sparks Teaching module: The Physics of Climate Change Prediction
Video: Permafrost and Climate Change crowd of people black and white photo Video/Microlecture: Societal Impacts of Climate Change
Reading: Hydrocarbon Combustion Classroom/Laboratory Activity: The Coriolis Effect
A Collection of E-Learning Courses on Climate Change photo of foggy forest Reading: Carbon Sequestration and Climate Change
woman wearing mask on train Reading: Pandemics in a Changing World Video: International Climate Change Policy
Reading: Isotopic Compositions and Ice Cores

Series of two E-Learning Courses on Introduction to Climate Change and Climate Science

Following are two online courses in Climate Change and Climate Science by the National Resource Centre (NRC) on Climate Change at the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Pune as part of the Annual Refresher Programme in Teaching (ARPIT), Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resources Development, Government of India.

The courses are multidisciplinary in the approach and include the current state of understanding of climate science and climate change, the latest developments in the field, societal impacts of climate change, climate change policies and governance, and impacts of climate change.

The online course video playlist includes:

· Introduction to Climate Science and Climate Change (Raghu Murtugudde, University of Maryland)
· Climate Archives, Climate Data, and Climate Models (Raghu Murtugudde, University of Maryland)
· Climate Change: Past Records: Climate Change on Tectonic Timescales, Orbital Timescales, Glacial/Deglacial Timescales, Millenial Timescales, Historical Timescales (Raghu Murtugudde, University of Maryland)
· Modern Climate Change: Global Warming since the Industrial Revolution (Raghu Murtugudde)
· Future Projections of Climate Change (Raghu Murtugudde, University of Maryland)
· Mitigation and Adaptation (Raghu Murtugudde, University of Maryland and Malti Goel, Climate Change Research Institute)
· Climate Change and Society: Culture, Politics, Social Dynamics (D. Parthasarathy, IIT Bombay)
· Climate Change Policy and Governance: Global Negotiations and Domestic Policy Making (Navroz Dubash, Centre for Policy Research)
· Climate Change: Impacts in India (Raghu Murtugudde, University of Maryland)
· Climate Change and Impacts on

(a) The Indian Monsoon (Raghu Murtugudde, University of Maryland)

(b) Water Resources (Pradeep Mujumdar, IISc Bengaluru)

(c) Biodiversity and Ecology (Deepak Barua, IISER Pune)

(d) The Himalayan Glaciers (Argha Banerjee, IISER Pune)

· Teaching Resources and Pedagogical Tools (Rahul Chopra, IISER Pune)

Tool Name Introduction to Climate Change Course
Discipline All Sciences
Topic(s) in Discipline Different aspects of climate change
Climate Topic Introduction to climate change
Type of Tool E-learning Course
Grade Level High school, Undergraduate
Location Global
Language English
Translation
Developed by National Resource Centre (NRC) on Climate Change at the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Pune as part of the Annual Refresher Programme in Teaching (ARPIT), Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resources Development, Government of India
Hosted at IISER Pune Science Media Center YouTube Channel
Link Course 1: Science of climate change, mitigation, adaptation and resilience

https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLZbgNdSTyWDbHe1onWK9SULbPxCuAMi1Z

Course 2: Integration of climate change topics with the core curriculum

https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLZbgNdSTyWDafbfITIuKAxkk7CdiXk9Y9

Access Online
Computer Skills Basic

Course 1: Introduction to Climate Change

Course 2: Introduction to Climate Change and Climate Science

Reading: Teaching Climate Change in the Mathematics Classroom man carrying gray pipe Reading: The Concrete Problem
person writing on white board Reading: Climate Change Mathematics Video/ Microlecture: Climate Change in the Economics Classroom
Video/ Microlecture: Climate Change in the Environmental Sciences Classroom Video/Microlecture: Teaching Climate Change in the Sociology Classroom
Game: The Food Challenge colorful liquids in test tubes Reading: Climate Change: The Chemistry Connection
colorful liquids in laboratory glasswares Reading: Chemistry and Climate Change retro camera on comic book Reading: What Is Climate Change? A Comic
woman in white long sleeve shirt holding white book Reading: Fossil Fuels and the Climate Crisis- A Comic machine harvest Video/Microlecture: The Way We Eat
high angle photo of robot Teaching Module: Climate Adaptation and Mitigation person holding a cardboard poster Teaching Module: Climate Change and the Future of Food
man wearing blue hat spraying yellow flowers on field Teaching Module: Teacher Guide to Climate Change and Agriculture crop child reading comics at home Reading: Climate Change Impacts- A Comic
crop child reading comics at home Reading: Climate Change: What Can You Do? A Comic photo of cola pouring into a glass with ice cubes Game: The Carbon Footprint of Food
person slicing meat on white ceramic plate Game: The Carbon Footprint of Chicken Tikka Masala and Other Food Items ‌ person feeding giraffe Audio: Feeding The Planet
Video/Microlecture: Climate Adaptation: An Introduction island during golden hour and upcoming storm E-learning Course: Climate Science: An Introduction
Video/Microlecture: Climate Change and the Lithosphere view of cityscape Teaching Module: Feedback Mechanisms
house beside body of water covered with ice vector art Teaching Module: Earth’s Climate and the Cryosphere: An Overview Game: NASA Climate Kids
Reading: Species extinction due to climate change Visualization: The Greenhouse Effect
assorted sliced fruits in white ceramic bowl Video: Climate Change and the Food We Eat

As an undergraduate Mathematics or Data Science teacher, you can use this set of computer-based tools to help you in teaching Introductory Statistics and specifically Linear Regression and Polynomial Regression.

Introduction

This lesson plan will help you to teach Introductory Statistics for Data Science through a Linear Regression and Polynomial Regression assignment. The lesson plan includes a hands-on computer-based classroom activity to be conducted on a dataset of annual production-based emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) by China, measured in million tonnes per year, for the span of 1902-2018. This activity includes hands-on Python code, a set of inquiry-based questions that will enable your students to apply their understanding of scatter plots, regression equations, correlation coefficients, linear regression, polynomial regression, and the difference between them

Thus, the use of this lesson plan allows you to integrate the teaching of a climate science topic with a core topic in Mathematics, Statistics, and Data Science.

Questions

Use this lesson plan to help your students find answers to:

  1. Use an example to describe linear regression analysis and polynomial regression.
  2. Use regression analyses to describe how annual production-based emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) by China have changed over time.
  3. Discuss reasons for changes in emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) and their impact on Earth’s climate.

About the Lesson Plan

Grade Level Undergraduate
Discipline Mathematics, Data Science
Topic(s) in Discipline Scatter Plots, Correlation Coefficients,
Regression Equations, Linear Regression,
Polynomial Regression
Climate Topic Climate and the Atmosphere
Climate Variability Record
Location Global
Language(s) English
Access Online, Offline
Computer Skills Required Intermediate
Approximate
Time Required
60-80 min

Contents

Contents

Teaching Module

(25 min)

A teaching module to explain the basics of scatter plots, correlation coefficients, regression equations, and linear regression

For High School

For Undergraduate

Video micro-lectures

(14 and 5 min)

A video micro-lecture to give Introduction to Simple Linear Regression

A video micro-lecture to give Introduction to Polynomial Regression

Classroom/ Laboratory activity

(30 min)

A classroom activity - Python Code to apply understanding of linear regression and polynomial regression using a dataset of the annual production-based emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) by China, measured in million tonnes per year, for the span of 1902-2018.

Go to GitHub Repository

Video

Here is a step-by-step guide to using this lesson plan in the classroom/laboratory. We have suggested these steps as a possible plan of action. You may customize the lesson plan according to your preferences and requirements.

1 Topic introduction and discussion 1.         Use the teaching module, ‘Introduction-Linear Regression and Correlation’ by OpenStaxTM, Rice University (for High School level) or ‘Chapter-3: Linear Regression’ provided by Ramesh Sridharan, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (for Undergraduate level), to introduce these topics of basic statistics.

2.         Navigate to the sub-sections within the module to the basics of scatter plots, correlation coefficients, regression equations, and linear regression.

3.         Use the in-built practice exercises and quizzes to evaluate your students’ understanding of the topics.

For High School

For Undergraduate

2 Develop the topic further Use the video micro-lecture, ‘Introduction to Simple Linear Regression’ by dataminingincae, for a basic introduction to Simple Linear Regression and terms like dependant variable, independent variable, regression line, regression coefficients.

Use the video micro-lecture, ' Polynomial Regression' by Art of Visualization for a basic introduction to Polynomial Regression and how it is useful to fit a nonlinear model to the data.

3 Extend understanding by practicing Hands-on Python code

Dataset link

Python Notebook link

1. Use the provided Dataset china-co2-csv.csv and Python Notebook Simple-and-Polynomial-Regression.ipynb.

2. The dataset includes Annual Production-based Emissions of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) by China, measured in million tonnes per year, for the span 1902-2018.

Data Source: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) and Global Carbon Project

3.  Use the Python Notebook and Dataset to:

  • -Read the Dataset using DataFrame
  • -Know the basics of the dataset like its dimensions, data types and memory usage
  • -Plot the scatter plot of yearly co2 emissions variable
  • -Use NumPy library to convert the DataFrame to NumPy Array which would be used in the further steps.
  • Part 1: Linear Regression
  • -Find the Regression Coefficients  for Simple Linear Regression
  • -Plot the scatter plot and Regression Line as per the predicted coefficients
  • -Calculate RMSE (Root Mean-Squared Error-values)
  • -Discuss how well the Regression Line describes the data points.
  • Part 2: Polynomial Regression
  • -Explain how polynomial regression fits a nonlinear model to the data
  • -Compute the number of output features, then Transform data to polynomial features, fit a Regression for Transformed data, and then predict values
  • -Calculate RMSE (Root Mean-Squared Error-values)
  • -Discuss how well the Regression model describes the data points.
  • -Suggest the students to try different values for the degree of the Polynomial and see the difference between the results visually and also by comparing it using the RMSE value.

 

4. Encourage your students to answer topical questions by applying their understanding of scatter plots, correlation coefficients, linear regression and polynomial regression.

5.   Use the regression analyses performed to initiate a discussion on the increase in  CO2 emissions from 1980 to 2020 due to anthropogenic activities, which is one major reason behind global climate change.

number cutout decors Video/Microlecture: Climate Change: The Math Connection Hadley-global-circulation-cells Reading: Hadley Circulation
colorful liquids in laboratory glasswares Video Lecture: First Law of Thermodynamics smoke coming out of factory pipes Model/ Simulator: The Greenhouse Effect
man person people woman Video Lecture: Claussius Clayperon and the Second Law of Thermodynamics Video/Micro Lecture: Amitav Ghosh on History and Climate Change
group of men forming a libe Video/Microlecture: Climate Change and Society Reading (Teaching Manual): Algebra and Climate
aerial photography of green forest Teaching Module: The Greenhouse Effect Videos: Earth’s Climate, the Biosphere, and Geological Evolution
boat out at sea at dusk Reading: Climate and the Hydrosphere Teaching Module: Cli-Fi—Climate Change Literature
city sky sunset water Reading: Black Carbon – An Introduction sky earth space working Teaching Module: Climate Change Mathematics by NASA
teacher talking to the class Video Lecture: Thermodynamics and the Hydrostatic Equation person tossing globe Reading: Introduction to Planetary Energy Balance
crowd of protesting people with banners on city street Video/ Microlecture: Culture, Politics and Climate Change Reading: The climate in our hands – Ocean and Cryosphere
E-learning Course: Build Climate Models using Python pexels-photo-207937.jpeg Classroom/Laboratory Activity: Black Carbon and Human Health
orange sun during sunset Teaching Module: Planetary Energy Balance Teaching Module: Analyzing Climate Science Data through Simple Statistical Techniques
Visual Media: Climate Images for Effective Visual Communication gray scale photo of metal fence Reading: Black Carbon in the Atmosphere
space technology research science Video Lecture: Radiative Transfer Classroom/Laboratory Activity: Climate Change, the Cryosphere, and Rising Sea Levels
Visualization: Introduction to the Carbon Cycle Reading: Safeguarding Human Rights in the Context of Climate Change
african woman showing handicraft earthenware in local workshop Video/micro lecture: Introduction to Gender and Climate Change Classroom/Laboratory Activity: Using Introductory Calculus (Integration) to Analyze CO2 Emission Data
healthy sea nature sunny Reading: Infectious Diseases In A Warming World eye level photo of cultivated land Reading: Carbon Sequestration in Soil
Model/Simulator: Modeling Planetary Energy Balance Teaching Modules: Climate Justice
Classroom/Laboratory Activity: Using Polynomial Differentiation to Analyze Global Atmospheric CO2 Mobile App: Polar Explorer (Sea Level)
Video: Sea Level Rise Video/ Microlecture: Climate Change in the Maths and Statistics Classroom
climate road landscape people Reading: What is Climate Literacy? Video: What is Ocean Acidification?
Video: Food Security Reading: Planetary Temperatures
pair of white dice on top of mirror Teaching Module: Predict the Climate by throwing a dice Visualization: Melting Ice Sheets and Sea Level Rise
books placed between branches of blossoming tree Video/ Microlecture: Poetry in Strange Times Classroom/Laboratory Activity: Meteorologist for a day
Visualization: Blackbody Radiation and Planetary Temperatures Visualization: pH Levels of Oceans and Atmospheric CO2
nature animal park tree Reading: Ecosystem-Based Conservation in Central Africa mathematical equation written on blackboard Differential Calculus using Methane Data
Video: Rising Sea Surface Temperature and Hurricane Intensity

A classroom/laboratory activity to learn about the pH of ocean water, explore the potential effects of climate change on ocean acidification, and understand the possible impacts of ocean acidification on marine organisms such as oysters.

Students will explore and analyze the relationship between the growth of oyster larvae and the chemistry of ocean water (aragonite saturation state) by plotting graphs for actual data from the Whiskey Creek Hatchery in Oregon, USA.

Use this tool to help your students find answers to:

  1. If ocean water became more acidic, how might it affect oyster populations?
  2. What are the possible impacts of climate change on the chemistry of seawater?

About the Tool

Tool Name Ocean Acidification and Oysters Lab
Discipline Chemistry
Topic(s) in Discipline pH Scale, Acids and Bases, Acidification, Ocean Carbonate Chemistry, Seawater Chemistry, Aragonite Saturation State, Ocean Acidity
Climate Topic Climate and the Hydrosphere
Type of Tool Laboratory Activity
Grade Level High School, Undergraduate
Location North America
USA
Language English
Translation
Developed by Hilary Palevsky, UW Oceanography
Hosted at Program on Climate Change, College of the Environment, University of Washington
Link Link
Access Online, Offline
Computer Skills Intermediate

(Image credit: Program on Climate Change, College of the Environment, University of Washington)

Classroom/Laboratory Activity: Determining Coastal Vulnerability to Sea-Level Rise books in tree crotch on sunny spring day Reading: Climate Change Poetry
white paper with black text Teaching Module: Poetry Writing solar technician installing solar panel Classroom/ Laboratory Activity: Teaching Differentiating Functions through Solar Energy Data
Laboratory Activity: Urban Heat Island Flood Visualization: The Effects of Sea-level Rise on the Coast of California
Visualization: The Changing pH of Ocean Water and Its Impact on Marine Life Video Lecture: Planck’s Law and Earths Climate
silhouette of fireman holding hose Reading: Climate Change and Natural Disasters windmills on seashore under white clouds Classroom/ Laboratory Activity: Differentiation and Wind Energy

A short article that describes the decline of insect population due to climate change. This article by the Entomological Society of America focuses on the importance of insects in food webs and how climate change affects their distribution.

Students will learn how a changing climate generally reduces the population of insects and potentially alters the food web. Further, they will learn about the impacts on food security and the potential spread of vector-borne diseases. 

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. Why are insects important to an ecosystem? 
  2. How does climate change affect insect populations? 
  3. Discuss the impacts of climate change on insect population, food security and disease.

About the tool

Tool Name Climate-Change Impact on Insects ‘Simply Cannot be Ignored’
Discipline Biological Sciences
Topic(s) in Discipline Insects, Arthropods, Insect Biodiversity, Food Web, Food Security, Invasive Species, Vector-borne Diseases
Climate Topic  Climate and the Biosphere
Type of tool  Reading
Grade Level High School, Undergraduate
Location Global
Language English 
Translation
Developed by Entomological Society of America
Hosted at Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Link https://www.entsoc.org/climate-change-impact-insects-simply-cannot-be-ignored
Access Online
Computer Skills Basic
Teaching Module: Climate Change, the Environment, and Human Health
focused young woman refueling car Classroom/ Laboratory Activity: World Petroleum Consumption Reading: Atmospheric Dynamics and Hadley Cells
Teaching Module: Biogeochemical Cycles and Climate Change Reading: Changes in Intensity and Frequency of Hurricanes
Video/Micro Lecture: A Commentary on Dipesh Chakrabarty’s The Climate of History: Four Theses Reading: Hurricanes and Climate Change
Reading: Dipesh Chakrabarty ‘The Climate of History: Four Theses’ Hadley_circulation Classroom/Laboratory Activity: Hadley Circulation—Heat Transport in the Atmosphere
Visualization: Show Your Stripes: Changes in Temperature Classroom Activity: Climate Change and Phenology in Plants (Flowering)

As an undergraduate Mathematics or Data Science teacher, you can use this set of computer-based tools to help you in teaching Introductory Statistics and specifically Linear Regression.

Introduction

This lesson plan will help you to teach Introductory Statistics for Data Science through a Linear Regression assignment. The lesson plan includes a hands-on computer-based classroom activity to be conducted on a dataset of Yearly Global Average CO2 Concentrations in parts per million. This activity includes hands-on Python code, a set of inquiry-based questions that will enable your students to apply their understanding of scatter plots, regression equations, correlation coefficients, and linear regression. 

Thus, the use of this lesson plan allows you to integrate the teaching of a climate science topic with a core topic in Mathematics, Statistics and Data Science.

Questions

Use this lesson plan to help your students find answers to:

  1. Use an example to describe linear regression analysis.
  2. Use linear regression analyses to describe how global average CO2 concentrations have changed from 1980-2020 (last datapoint).
  3. Discuss reasons for changes in global average CO2 concentrations and their impact on Earth’s climate.

About the Lesson Plan

Grade Level Undergraduate
Discipline Mathematics, Data Science
Topic(s) in Discipline Scatter Plots, Correlation Coefficients,
Regression Equations, Linear Regression
Climate Topic Climate and the Atmosphere
Climate Variability Record
Location Global
Language(s) English
Access Online, Offline
Computer Skills Required Intermediate
Approximate
Time Required
60-80 min

Contents

Contents

Teaching Module

(25 min)

A teaching module to explain the basics of scatter plots, correlation coefficients, regression equations, and linear regression

For High School

For Undergraduate

Video micro-lecture

(~14 min)

A video micro-lecture to give Introduction to Simple Linear Regression
Classroom/ Laboratory activity

(30 min)

A classroom activity - Python Code to apply understanding of linear regression using a dataset of the Yearly Global Average CO2 Concentrations in parts per million (ppm) 1980-2020

Go to GitHub Repository

Video

Here is a step-by-step guide to using this lesson plan in the classroom/laboratory. We have suggested these steps as a possible plan of action. You may customize the lesson plan according to your preferences and requirements.

1 Topic introduction and discussion 1.         Use the teaching module, ‘Introduction-Linear Regression and Correlation’ by OpenStaxTM, Rice University (for High School level) or ‘Chapter-3: Linear Regression’ provided by Ramesh Sridharan, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (for Undergraduate level), to introduce these topics of basic statistics.

2.         Navigate to the sub-sections within the module to the basics of scatter plots, correlation coefficients, regression equations, and linear regression.

3.         Use the in-built practice exercises and quizzes to evaluate your students’ understanding of the topics.

For High School

For Undergraduate

2 Develop the topic further Use the video micro-lecture, ‘Introduction to Simple Linear Regression’ by dataminingincae, for a basic introduction to Simple Linear Regression and terms like dependant variable, independent variable, regression line, regression coefficients.
3 Extend understanding by practicing Hands-on Python code

Dataset link

Python Notebook link

1. Use the provided Dataset about Yearly Global Average CO2 Concentrations, file global-atm-co2.csv) and Python Notebook global-co2-concentration.ipynb.

2.   The dataset includes monthly mean carbon dioxide globally averaged over marine surface sites for the span 1980-2020. Data Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

3.  Use the Python Notebook and Dataset to:

  • Read the Dataset using DataFrame
  • Know the basics of the dataset like its dimensions, data types and memory usage
  • Plot the scatter plot of yearly average_co2_concentrations variable
  • Use NumPy library to convert the DataFrame to NumPy Array which would be used in the further steps.
  • Find the Regression Coefficients  for Simple Linear Regression
  • Plot the scatter plot and Regression Line as per the predicted coefficients
  • Calculate RMSE (Root Mean-Squared Error-values)
  • Discuss how well the Regression Line describes the data points.

4. Encourage your students to answer topical questions by applying their understanding of scatter plots, correlation coefficients, regression equations and linear regression.

5.   Use the regression analyses performed to initiate a discussion on the increase in global average CO2 concentrations from 1980 to 2020 due to anthropogenic activities causing CO2 emissions.

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A guidebook of gender-sensitive approaches to climate change policy for city planning. It discusses the different ways in which women and men are affected by climate change. This guidebook includes discussions on gender inequalities such as gender division of labour, gender differentials in income, gender biases in decision making, and other factors contributing to climate vulnerability.

Students will understand how climate change impacts genders differently. They will also learn the importance of gender sensitivity in formulating climate change policies. Students will be introduced to gender sensitive climate adaptation, mitigation and resilience in cities.

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. How does climate change affect genders differently?
  2. Give a few reasons why climate change policies should use a gender-sensitive approach
  3. What are the priorities for gender-sensitive climate policies at urban levels?

About the Tool 

Tool Name Gender and Urban Climate Policy: Gender-Sensitive Policies Make a Difference
Discipline Humanities, Social Sciences
Topic(s) in Discipline Gender, Gender and Climate Change, Gender Inequality, Urban Planning, Public Policy, Climate Change Policy, Climate Vulnerability
Climate Topic Climate and Society, Policies, Politics, and Environmental Governance
Type of Tool Reading
Grade Level Undergraduate, Graduate
Location  Global
Language English
Translation
Developed by Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development 
Hosted at Giz, UN Habitat, Gender CC 
Link Reading Link
Access Online, Offline
Computer Skills Basic

 

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A guidebook of gender-sensitive approaches to climate change policy for city planning. It discusses the different ways in which women and men are affected by climate change. This guidebook includes discussions on gender inequalities such as gender division of labour, gender differentials in income, gender biases in decision making, and other factors contributing to climate vulnerability.

Students will understand how climate change impacts genders differently. They will also learn the importance of gender sensitivity in formulating climate change policies. Students will be introduced to gender sensitive climate adaptation, mitigation and resilience in cities.

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. How does climate change affect genders differently?
  2. Give a few reasons why climate change policies should use a gender-sensitive approach
  3. What are the priorities for gender-sensitive climate policies at urban levels?

About the Tool 

Tool Name Gender and Urban Climate Policy: Gender-Sensitive Policies Make a Difference
Discipline Humanities, Social Sciences
Topic(s) in Discipline Gender, Gender and Climate Change, Gender Inequality, Urban Planning, Public Policy, Climate Change Policy, Climate Vulnerability
Climate Topic Climate and Society, Policies, Politics, and Environmental Governance
Type of Tool Reading
Grade Level Undergraduate, Graduate
Location  Global
Language English
Translation
Developed by Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development 
Hosted at Giz, UN Habitat, Gender CC 
Link Reading Link
Access Online, Offline
Computer Skills Basic