Climate and the Cryosphere

A classroom/laboratory activity to learn about the isotopes of hydrogen and oxygen, analyze the isotopic composition of ice, and understand how isotopic compositions can be used to recreate past temperatures and climate. Students will plot
A video that introduces permafrost and its distribution on Earth. The video also describes the changing nature of permafrost across several regions due to higher surface temperatures and the possible impact of permafrost thawing on
A reading that explains how the analyses of hydrogen and oxygen isotopes from ice cores determine past temperatures on Earth. Students will learn how isotopic ratios of hydrogen and oxygen in water molecules from the
A teaching module by the EarthLabs section of the Science Education Resources Center (SERC), Carleton College, titled ‘Climate and the Cryosphere: Unit Overview’ that discusses the link between climate change and Earth’s cryosphere. This resource
The Office for Climate Education (OCE) presents a Teachers Guidebook that aims to support teachers in carrying out various activities on climate change and the ocean and cryosphere in their classrooms, and targets students of
A teaching module that demonstrates the use of linear and quadratic regression to analyze Arctic sea ice extent data and the use of graphs, sample correlations, and multiple regression to analyze atmospheric CO2 level data,
A classroom/laboratory activity that introduces the relationship between climate and the cryosphere, explains how sea-level rise can be predicted (based on average global temperature change), and triggers a discussion on the potential impacts of sea-level
An interactive visualization to explore the effects of melting ice sheets and the resulting sea level rise on coastal areas.  Students will configure parameters related to glacial melt in Antarctica and/or Greenland, and will observe
An interactive visualization to observe the effects of a global temperature increase of 4 °C on human health, agriculture, forests, oceans and marine ecosystems, permafrost, water availability, and extreme climate events. Students will observe and
An interactive visualization to visualize the shrinking and growing of a glacier as a result of changes in snowfall and temperature. Students will change parameters such as temperature and snowfall and observe the corresponding effects
A classroom/laboratory activity to learn about glacial retreat and to predict the complete melting of a glacier (specifically, for an example in Glacier National Park). In this activity, students will analyze and interpret historical data
A reading that introduces the topic of glaciers and their formation.  Students will read about the formation of glaciers, common glacial features, and changes in the extent of glaciers over the past 750,000 years. They
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