Earth Sciences

Integrate climate science in your teaching and use these educational resources to teach topics such as:

Planet Earth and it’s Climate, Earth’s Climate System, Past Episodes of Climate Change, Historical Climate Change, Recent Climate Change, Future projections, The Roles of the Atmosphere, Cryosphere, Hydrosphere, Lithosphere, Biosphere, Anthroposphere, and their interactions in determining the climate of planet Earth, Water Resources and Climate Change, Climate Change and Food, Adaptation and Mitigation, Biogeochemical Cycles, The Geologic Carbon Cycle, The Silicate Thermostat, Milankovitch Cycles, Isotopes and Climate Reconstruction, The Greenhouse Effect, El Nino Southern Oscillation, Thermohaline Circulation, Coriolis Force, Hadley Circulation and more.

Reading: Water Vapour Feedback and Earth’s Climate
A reading that explains the phase diagrams of water on Earth, Mars, and Venus and discusses the water vapor feedback mechanism in the atmospheres of these planets that influences the greenhouse effect. You may also
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Video micro-lecture: Phase Diagrams and Earth’s Climate
A video micro-lecture that describes the phase diagrams of water on Earth, Mars, and Venus. It also describes the water vapor feedback mechanism in the atmospheres of these planets that influences the greenhouse effect. You
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Video: Permafrost and Climate Change
A video that introduces permafrost and its distribution on Earth. The video also describes the changing nature of permafrost across several regions due to higher surface temperatures and the possible impact of permafrost thawing on
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Classroom/Laboratory Activity: Permafrost and Climate Change
A set of hands-on classroom and computer-based activities for students to learn about permafrost and to explore various web-based scientific data portals to investigate permafrost distribution, characteristics of permafrost, and the effects of thawing permafrost
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Video Micro-lecture: Ocean Buffer Chemistry
A video micro-lecture that explains carbonate buffering in the ocean. It includes discussions on the changes in the chemical composition of the ocean caused by a higher concentration of dissolved CO2, ocean acidification and the
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Reading: Isotopic Compositions and Ice Cores
A reading that explains how the analyses of hydrogen and oxygen isotopes from ice cores determine past temperatures on Earth. You may also be interested in Lesson Plan: Phase Diagrams and Phase Equilibria Lesson Plan:
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Reading: Earth’s Equable Climate
A reading that explains Earth’s equable climate in the past using the theories, Hadley Cells, Convective Cloud Feedback, Polar Stratospheric Clouds, and Tropical Cyclones. You may also be interested in Lesson Plan: Black Carbon and
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Teaching Module: Orbital Forcing and Earth’s Climate
A set of classroom/laboratory activities to reconstruct Earth’s past climate using isotopic composition data from ice cores and to highlight the influence of orbital forcing and atmospheric carbon dioxide feedback on Earth’s climate. You may also
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E-learning Course: An Introduction to Climate Change
An e-learning course to learn the basics of climate change science, climate change policies, climate change adaptation and mitigation, climate change finance, and climate change action. You may also be interested in Lesson Plan: Climate
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Game: Climate Change and Energy
A game to explore scenarios of future energy demand, allocate different energy sources to meet projected demands, and observe the consequences on carbon emission levels and global temperature. You may also be interested in Lesson
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Classroom/Laboratory Activity: Reconstruction of Paleoclimate by Using Isotopic Composition Data
A classroom/laboratory activity to learn about the isotopes of hydrogen and oxygen, analyze the isotopic composition of ice, and understand how isotopic compositions can be used to recreate past temperatures and climate. Students will plot
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Classroom/Laboratory Activity: Climate Change, the Cryosphere, and Rising Sea Levels
A classroom/laboratory activity that introduces the relationship between climate and the cryosphere, explains how sea-level rise can be predicted (based on average global temperature change), and triggers a discussion on the potential impacts of sea-level
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