Teaching Module: Mapping Range Shifts

A teaching module that demonstrates the effect of temperatures on species distributions. This module by Linton et al. enables students to analyze data for a chosen species, from Natural History Collections, for its range shift due to rising temperatures. It includes the following activities: 

  1. Reading a meta analysis by Pecl et al. titled, ‘Biodiversity redistribution under climate change: Impacts on ecosystems and human well-being’.
  2. Investigate a species: Students can select a species they want to investigate. Students in the same group can pick different species.
  3. Generate Distribution Maps: Using the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF), students can obtain records for the ranges of species and how these have changed over time. 
  4. Examine Latitude Over Time: Using the GBIF database. 
  5. Interpret Your Data: Analyzing the species range and range shifts over time.  

Students will learn how to review published data to show the link between rising temperatures and potential changes in species distribution. They will further learn how to use quantitative reasoning to extract data from an aggregated dataset.

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. Discuss how climate change can potentially cause changes in species distribution. 
  2. Discuss the range shifts for the species of your choice in the classroom.

About the tool

Tool NameSpecies Range Over Space and Time
DisciplineBiological Sciences
Topic(s) in DisciplineRange Shift, Species Distribution, Biodiversity, Species
Climate Topic Climate and the Biosphere
Type of tool Teaching Module
Grade LevelUndergraduate
LocationGlobal
LanguageEnglish 
Translation
Developed byDebra Linton, Anna Monfils, Libby Ellwood and Molly Phillips
Hosted atQubes
LinkLink
AccessOnline
Computer SkillsBasic

Reading: Pandemics in a Changing World

A reading that describes the relationship between climate change and the occurrence of newly emerging infectious diseases like COVID-19. This reading by Daisy Dunne for Climate Brief discusses the rise in zoonotic diseases due to changes in habitats and closer interactions of humans and wild animals. It further highlights how these interactions are exacerbated by land-use changes such as deforestation and habitat loss.

Students will learn how climate change induced changes to biodiversity and habitat could lead to transmission of viruses from animals to humans. They will further understand how and why pandemics could develop when climate change affects the biogeographical distribution of species. 

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. Why is there a possibility of increased incidence of newly emerging viruses in recent times?
  2. How could climate change increase the risk of inter-species virus spillover in the future?
  3. Discuss some of the factors necessary for the transmission of diseases from animals to humans. 

About the tool

Tool NameQ & A: Could climate change and biodiversity loss raise the risk of pandemics?
DisciplineBiological Sciences
Topic(s) in DisciplineInfectious Diseases, Disease Transmission, Virus, Zoonosis, Virus Spillover, Biodiversity, Habitat Loss
Climate Topic Climate and the Biosphere
Type of tool Reading
Grade LevelHigh School
LocationGlobal
LanguageEnglish 
Translation
Developed byDaisy Dunne , Carbon Brief
Hosted atCarbon Brief Website
Linkhttps://www.carbonbrief.org/q-and-a-could-climate-change-and-biodiversity-loss-raise-the-risk-of-pandemics
AccessOnline
Computer SkillsBasic

Reading: Infectious Diseases In A Warming World

A reading that explains the role of climate change in the spread of infectious diseases. This reading by the World Health Organization describes the various modes of transmission of viral diseases in humans, in animals, and between animals and humans. It further contains examples of how environmental changes have affected the occurrence of various infectious diseases in humans in the past. 

Students will learn about the different ways infectious diseases are transmitted and the association of infectious diseases with climatic conditions. They will also briefly understand how predictive modelling has shown that climate change could potentially result in changes in transmission patterns.

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. What is the zoonotic transmission of a disease? Give examples.
  2. Discuss what zoonotic transmission is, in the context of the SARS-CoV-2. 
  3. Discuss process-based (mathematical) models and their use in tracking the spread of malaria.

About the tool

Tool NameClimate Change and Infectious Diseases
DisciplineBiological Sciences
Topic(s) in DisciplineInfectious Diseases, Disease Transmission, Zoonosis, Anthroponosis, Virus, Virus spillover, Malaria
Climate Topic Climate and the Biosphere
Type of tool Reading
Grade LevelHigh School
LocationGlobal
LanguageEnglish 
Translation
Developed byWorld Health Organization
Hosted atWorld Health Organization Website
Linkhttps://www.who.int/globalchange/climate/en/chapter6.pdf
AccessOnline/Offline
Computer SkillsBasic

Reading: Climate Change and Crop Pollination

A report that describes the effect of climate change on animal pollinators and crop pollination. This report from 2011 by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) details the different climate variables, such as temperature, precipitation and extreme climate events that affect crop pollination. It further highlights the potential economic implications of climate change on crop pollination and, thereby, on global food security.

Students will understand the effects of climate change on pollinators, and the temperature sensitivity of crop pollinators and entomophilous crops. They will further learn about how climate change has affected quality and quantity of nectar and pollen, phenological events, pollinator behavior, visitation rates, and distribution. 

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. What are the impacts of climate change on insect pollination?
  2. Discuss the importance of insect pollination for global food security.

About the tool

Tool NamePotential Effects of Climate Change on Crop Pollination
DisciplineBiological Sciences; Environmental Sciences
Topic(s) in DisciplinePollination, Fertilization, Insect Pollination, Pollinators, Plant-Pollinator Systems, Adaptations, Nectar Guides, Types of Pollinators
Climate Topic Climate and the Biosphere
Type of tool Reading
Grade LevelUndergraduate
LocationGlobal
LanguageEnglish 
Translation
Developed byFood and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Hosted atFood and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Website
Linkhttp://www.fao.org/3/i2242e/i2242e.pdf
AccessOnline/Offline
Computer SkillsBasic

Video: Gene Editing in Tomato Plants

A video that describes a new gene editing technology, ‘CRISPR: Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats’, which could be utilized in agricultural production in response to climate change. This video by Zachary Lippman, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL), highlights his use of CRISPR gene editing in two varieties of tomato plants to make them flower and ripen earlier than usual.

Students will learn briefly about growth cycles in tomato plants, and their tendency to reduce yield when days are longer. They will further understand the use of CRISPR technology in tomato plants and how this approach is useful to obtain faster and higher yields of the tomato crop.

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. Discuss how climate change might impact the growth of the tomato plant.
  2. Discuss the role of CRISPR in agricultural production using the tomato crop as an example. 

About the tool

Tool NameGene editing yields tomatoes that flower and ripen weeks earlier
DisciplineBiological Sciences
Topic(s) in DisciplineGene Editing, CRISPR, Tomato Plant, Cultivation
Climate Topic Climate and Agriculture; Climate and the Biosphere
Type of tool Video (3 mins)
Grade LevelHigh School
LocationGlobal
LanguageEnglish 
Translation
Developed byZachary Lippman
Hosted atCold Spring Harbor Laboratory on YouTube
LinkLink
AccessOnline
Computer SkillsBasic

Reading: GM Crops in Sub-Saharan Africa

A reading by John Agaba, Alliance for Science, Cornell University, that describes the importance of food security in Sub-Saharan Africa, in the face of climate change. This reading includes several examples of genetically modified crops and why they are favoured by farmers in Sub-Saharan African countries.

Students will learn about genetically modified crops and some arguments surrounding their utilization. They will further understand how genetically modified crops could possibly bolster food security in several Sub-Saharan African countries that are dealing with failed crops due to climate change.

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. Briefly describe Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs). 
  2. Why do farmers prefer to plant hybrid or genetically modified crops? List some of the examples.
  3. Discuss the arguments surrounding GM crop utilization in Africa.

About the tool

Tool NameAfrican farmers want GMO seeds to help weather climate change
DisciplineBiological Sciences
Topic(s) in DisciplineGenetically Modified Organisms (GMOs), GMO Crops
Climate Topic Climate and Agriculture; Climate and the Biosphere; Climate Mitigation and Adaptation
Type of tool Reading
Grade LevelHigh School
LocationGlobal, Africa
LanguageEnglish 
Translation
Developed byJohn Agaba
Hosted atAlliance for Science, Cornell University
LinkLink
AccessOnline
Computer SkillsBasic

Reading: Insect Behaviour and Temperature Variation

A short reading from Chapter 1, Lesson 3 of ‘Integrating Climate Change Issues in Southeast Asian Schools; A Teachers’ Guide’ that describes how changes in temperature can affect insect life cycles and populations. This lesson titled  ‘Interesting Insects’ by the Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization (SEAMEO) highlights the implications of increased temperatures on insect behavior.

Students will understand how temperature variations can directly impact insect behavior due to their cold-blooded physiology. They will also learn about the potential increase in populations and life cycles per season of insects or pests.  

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. How do temperature variations affect the physiology of insects? 
  2. Discuss how climate change can affect insect behaviour and populations?   

About the tool

Tool Name‘Interesting Insects’ (Chapter 1, Lesson 3, Pages 42-43: Main Concepts and Skills)
DisciplineBiological Sciences
Topic(s) in DisciplineAnimal Behavior, Insects, Insect Behavior, Life Cycle, Insect Biodiversity
Climate Topic Climate and the Biosphere
Type of tool Reading
Grade LevelHigh School
LocationGlobal
LanguageEnglish 
Translation
Developed bySoutheast Asian Ministers of Education Organization (SEAMEO)
Hosted atSoutheast Asian Ministers of Education Organization (SEAMEO) Website
LinkLink
AccessOnline/Offline
Computer SkillsBasic

Video/Microlecture: Evolutionary Adaptation in Response to Climate Change

A video microlecture that briefly describes evolutionary adaptations in animals due to climate change. This video by educator, Erin Eastwood, for TED-Ed introduces the topic of evolutionary adaptation and how animals are forced to evolve to changed environments caused by climate change. 

Students will learn how climate change has led to ecosystem disruptions and changes in the environment of many animal species. They will also be introduced to the difference between evolutionary adaptation and phenotypic plasticity and will understand the importance of heritable traits to the survival of a species. 

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. What is evolutionary adaptation? Give suitable examples.
  2. How is adaptation different from phenotypic plasticity, in response to environmental change? 

About the tool

Tool NameCan wildlife adapt to climate change? – Erin Eastwood
DisciplineBiological Sciences, Environmental Sciences
Topic(s) in DisciplineEvolution, Adaptation, Evolutionary Adaptations, Natural Selection, Phenotypic Plasticity, Phenotypic Variations, Genetic Variations, Morphological Traits
Climate Topic Climate and the Biosphere
Type of tool Video/Micro lecture (5 mins)
Grade LevelHigh School
LocationGlobal
LanguageEnglish 
Translation
Developed byErin Eastwood for TED-Ed
Hosted atYouTube, Ted-Ed
Linkhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZCKRjP_DMII
AccessOnline
Computer SkillsBasic

Video/Microlecture: Global Warming and Sleep Deprivation

A video microlecture that discusses the potential impact of global warming on human health and sleep cycles. This video by Ryan Cross, hosted on the website of the journal Science,  describes the effects of warmer  temperatures on sleep quality in individuals in the United States. 

Students will learn how sleep is negatively affected by higher nighttime temperatures that lead to adverse impacts on human health. They will further learn how certain vulnerable groups such as the elderly and those from lower socio-economic backgrounds tend to be more severely affected.

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. How does climate change induced warming impact sleep cycles? 
  2. Discuss some negative impacts on individual health due to sleep deprivation. 

About the tool

Tool NameScientists warn of sleepless nights in a warming world
DisciplineBiological Sciences, Environmental Sciences
Topic(s) in DisciplineHuman Health, Sleep, Sleep Cycles, Sleep Deprivation
Climate Topic Climate and Health
Type of tool Video (3 mins)
Grade LevelHigh School
LocationGlobal, USA
LanguageEnglish 
Translation
Developed byRyan Cross
Hosted atScience
LinkLink
AccessOnline
Computer SkillsBasic

Reading: Bark Beetle Outbreaks in Bhutan

A reading that discusses ecosystems, biomes, food chains, and food webs and how the balance of an ecosystem can be disrupted by climate change induced insect outbreak. This reading by Dr. Kaka Tshering and Chimi Tshering, Ugyen Wangchuck Institute for Conservation and Environmental Research (UWICER), Bhutan; and University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Austria discusses  how global warming can potentially impact ecosystems in the forests of Bhutan. It further describes strategies to predict climate change induced bark beetle outbreaks in the forest ecosystems of Bhutan using GIS, Climate, and Phenology data. 

Students will learn about the life cycle of the bark beetle and how bark beetle outbreaks tend to occur due to increased temperatures. They will further understand the factors responsible for the susceptibility of forest ecosystems to bark beetle outbreaks in Bhutan and how climate and phenology data can be used to mitigate the effects.  

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. How does climate change induced warming affect bark beetle outbreaks? 
  2. Discuss how frequent bark beetle outbreaks have made forest ecosystems of Bhutan unstable.
  3. Discuss how the use of GIS, phenology, and climate data helped to preempt bark beetle outbreaks and protect the susceptible forest ecosystems of Bhutan.

About the tool

Tool NamePredicting Bark Beetle Outbreaks using GIS, Climate and Phenology Data
DisciplineBiological Sciences, Environmental Sciences
Topic(s) in DisciplineEcosystems, Food webs, Bark Beetle, Phenology, Forest Ecosystem
Climate Topic Climate and the Biosphere
Type of tool Reading
Grade LevelUndergraduate
LocationBhutan
LanguageEnglish 
Translation
Developed byKaka Tshering and Chimi Tshering
Hosted atUgyen Wangchuck Institute for Conservation and Environmental Research (UWICER), Bhutan; and University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Austria
Linkhttp://www.uwice.gov.bt/admin_uwice/publications/publication_files/Reports/2018/Predicting%20Bark%20Beetle%20Outbreaks%20using%20GIS,%20Climate%20and%20Phenology%20Data_UWICER%20Technical%20Note%202018.pdf
AccessOnline/Offline
Computer SkillsBasic

Reading: ‘Move, Adapt or Die’

A reading that discusses different aspects of evolutionary adaptations to climate change in animals. This reading by Renee Cho, Earth Institute, Columbia University, uses various examples to showcase how animals adapt to climate change and how a warming climate forces animals to ‘move, adapt or die’. 

Students will learn about some of the morphological, biological, and physiological adaptations that occur in response to climate change. They will further be introduced to the concept of epigenetics, its role in phenotypic plasticity and how this differs from environmental adaptation. 

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. What is evolutionary adaptation? How does it differ from phenotypic plasticity? Give an example. 
  2. How is climate change influencing evolutionary adaptations in living organisms? 
  3. What is epigenetics? Discuss its role in phenotypic plasticity? 
  4. Discuss why it is important to maintain large species populations and biodiversity in the context of adaptations.

About the tool

Tool NameWhat Helps Animals Adapt (or Not) to Climate Change?
DisciplineBiological Sciences, Environmental Sciences
Topic(s) in DisciplineEvolution, Evolutionary Adaptations, Natural SelectionPhenotypic Variations, Genetic Variations
Gene Frequency, Phenotypic Plasticity
Morphological or Physiological Traits, Epigenetic Factors
Climate Topic Climate and the Biosphere
Type of tool Reading
Grade LevelHigh School, Undergraduate
LocationGlobal
LanguageEnglish 
Translation
Developed byRenee Cho
Hosted atEarth Institute, Columbia University
LinkLink
AccessOnline
Computer SkillsBasic

Reading: Ecosystem-Based Conservation in Central Africa

A case study titled ‘Mountain Gorillas Ecosystem Services and Local Livelihoods in Rwanda, Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo’ from the report ‘Biodiversity, Climate Change and Sustainable Development – Harnessing Synergies and Celebrating Successes’. This case study describes ecosystem-based conservation of the mountain gorilla in Central Africa. It focuses on the vulnerability of mountain gorillas as well as the local communities in the region due to climate change and its impacts. 

Students will learn about threats faced by mountain gorillas, in terms of habitat loss, community use of forest resources, and climate change. They will also learn of ecosystem-based approaches of mountain gorilla conservation. Additionally, students will understand how mountain gorilla habitat conservation is linked to livelihoods of local communities in the region. 

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. What are the threats faced by the mountain gorilla of Central Africa due to climate change?
  2. Discuss ecosystem-based conservation approaches for the conservation of mountain gorilla and their habitat.
  3. Discuss the role of different stakeholders in ecosystem-based conservation.

About the Tool 

Tool Name 9.8. Case #8 Mountain Gorillas Ecosystem Services and Local Livelihoods in Rwanda, Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo from Biodiversity, Climate Change and Sustainable Development harnessing synergies and Celebrating Successes
Discipline Biological Sciences
Topic(s) in Discipline Conservation, Ecosystem-based Conservation, Habitat Loss, Mountain Gorilla
Climate Topic Climate and the Biosphere
Type of Tool Reading
Grade Level High School, Undergraduate
Location Africa, Central Africa, Rwanda, Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo
Language English
Translation
Developed by Guy Midgley, Sarshen Marais, Mandy Barnett and Katinka Wågsæther, University of South African National Biodiversity Institute, Conservation South Africa and Indigo Development and Change
Hosted at UNFCCC
Link Reading Link
Access Online, Offline
Computer Skills Basic

Reading: Climate Change and Mountain Gorillas of Central Africa

A case study titled ‘Mountain gorillas in the Virunga mountains face new threats as their habitat changes’ from ‘Wildlife in a Changing Climate’. This case study describes threats to mountain gorillas that live in the Virunga Volcanoes Conservation Area of Central Africa due to climate-change induced shifts in vegetation. It also describes a brief history of conservation efforts of mountain gorillas as well as the current threats to their habitat.

Students will learn about how climate change is affecting the habitat of endemic flora and fauna in the reserve. They will also learn about mountain gorilla conservation in the midst of civil war, habitat degradation, and poaching.

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. What are the threats that the mountain gorillas of Central Africa face due to climate change?
  2. Briefly discuss how the mountain gorilla of Central Africa is a conservation success story.

About the Tool 

Tool Name Box 5: Mountain gorillas in the Virunga mountains face new threats as their habitat changes from Wildlife in a changing climate
Discipline Biological Sciences
Topic(s) in Discipline Biodiversity, Biogeography, Conservation, Vegetation Shift, Mountain Gorilla, Habitat
Climate Topic Climate and the Biosphere
Type of Tool Reading
Grade Level Undergraduate, Graduate
Location Africa, Uganda
Language English
Translation
Developed by Tetra Tech ARD U.S.
Hosted at Climatelinks of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
Link Reading Link
Access Online, Offline
Computer Skills Basic

Reading: Carbon Dioxide and Photosynthesis

An article in Nature Education Knowledge that describes the effect of elevated levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere on photosynthesis. This article describes how elevated levels of carbon dioxide causes an increased rate of photosynthesis, which is more pronounced in C3 plants. 

Students will learn about the different photosynthetic pathways (C3, C4 and CAM) and  how plants respond to changing CO2 levels. They will also learn about biochemical and physiological responses, such as changes in stomatal conductance, water intake, and nitrogen concentrations.

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. How do plants generally respond to increases in CO2 levels in the atmosphere? Explain how this varies in C3 and C4 plants. 
  2. Discuss the impacts of elevated CO2 levels on agricultural production and food quality. 
  3. Describe the experimental set-up used in this study to show how plants respond to increased CO2 levels.

About the Tool 

Tool Name Effects of Rising Atmospheric Concentrations of Carbon Dioxide on Plants
Discipline Biological Sciences
Topic(s) in Discipline Plant Physiology, Photosynthetic Pathways, C3, C4, and CAM Plants, Photorespiration, Stomatal Conductance, Photosynthetic Efficiency
Climate Topic Climate and the Biosphere
Type of Tool Reading
Grade Level Undergraduate
Location Global
Language English
Translation
Developed by Daniel R. Taub
Hosted at Nature Education Knowledge
Link Reading Link
Access Online
Computer Skills Basic

Video: Climate Change and Food Webs

A video of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) Biointeractive that describes the threats of climate change on the ecosystem of the Yellowstone National Park, USA. In this video, Elizabeth Hadley, Stanford University, discusses how climate change can lead to changes in habitats and species interactions.  

Students will learn about how a warming climate potentially causes organisms to change their behaviour and alter the food web. They will understand these changes through an example of interactions between the whitebark pine trees, bark beetles, squirrels and grizzly bears in Yellowstone National Park, USA. They will also learn about aquatic habitat loss and threats to amphibian populations in the park. 

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. Discuss how climate change is causing changes to the ecosystem of the Yellowstone National Park 
  2. How is climate change affecting the food web? Discuss using the example of the bark beetle.

About the Tool

Tool Name Liz Hadly Tracks the Impact of Climate Change in Yellowstone
Discipline Biological Sciences
Topic(s) in Discipline Food Web, Ecosystems, Food Chain, Producers, Consumers
Climate Topic Climate and the Biosphere
Type of Tool Video/Microlecture (8 mins)
Grade Level High School
Location North America, USA, Yellowstone National Park
Language English
Translation
Developed by Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) Biointeractive
Hosted at Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) Biointeractive
Link Video Link
Access Online
Computer Skills Basic

Reading: Impacts of Climate Change on Biodiversity in Uganda

A reading from the report of the USAID titled ‘Climate Change and Biodiversity in Uganda’ that describes the effect of climatic and non-climatic stressors on its biodiversity and ecosystem goods and services. This reading describes expected changes in flora and fauna, increase in frequency and severity of floods and forest fires in specific regions of Uganda due to climate change. This reading is from chapters 2.2 (Climate Change and Potential Impacts on Biodiversity) and 2.3 ( Non- Climate Stressors on Biodiversity & Ecosystem Goods & Services) of the report.

Students will learn about how an increase in temperature can affect the hydrological cycle, change the distribution of flora and fauna, lead to decrease in availability of ecosystem resources, cause colonization by invasive species, trigger human wildlife conflicts, cause natural disasters and disease outbreaks, and affect the livelihoods of people in Uganda.  They will also learn about how climatic and non-climatic stressors potentially alter ecosystems.

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. Discuss how climate change can affect biodiversity in Uganda. 
  2. List how climatic stressors affect ecosystem goods and services.
  3. How do climatic stressors affect non-climatic stressors?
  4. Discuss how climate change and loss of biodiversity can lead to increased human-wildlife conflict?
  5. How will climate change affect the livelihoods of people in Uganda?

About the Tool 

Tool Name Climate Change and Biodiversity in Uganda
Discipline Biological Sciences
Topic(s) in Discipline Biodiversity, Ecosystem, Ecological Stressors, Ecosystem Goods and Services, Habitat, Habitat Loss
Climate Topic Climate and the Biosphere
Type of Tool Reading
Grade Level Undergraduate, Graduate
Location Africa, Uganda
Language English
Translation
Developed by Tetra Tech ARD U.S.
Hosted at Climatelinks of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
Link Reading Link
Access Online, Offline
Computer Skills Basic

Video/Microlecture: The Effect of Climate Change on Photosynthetic Pathways

A micro-lecture that describes the different photosynthetic pathways in plants and the potential effect of climate change on these processes and pathways. This lecture by Raghu Murtugudde, University of Maryland, created for the TROP ICSU project at IISER Pune, India, highlights the difference between C3 and C4 photosynthetic pathways, and how plants evolved to optimise their growth in a changing climate. 

Students will learn about the differences between C3 and C4 pathways as well as why certain plants evolved to have C4 pathways. They will also learn about the optimum temperatures at which these processes work and how plants respond to changes in CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere. 

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. What is photosynthesis?
  2. What are some of the differences between C3 and C4 photosynthetic pathways?
  3. Discuss how climate change affects the photosynthetic pathways of plants.

About the Tool

Tool Name Plant Response to Climate Change
Discipline Biological Sciences
Topic(s) in Discipline Plant Physiology, Photosynthetic Pathways, C3 and C4 Plants
Climate Topic Climate and the Biosphere
Type of Tool Video/Microlecture (8 mins)
Grade Level Undergraduate
Location Global
Language English
Translation
Developed by Raghu Murtugudde at the Science Media Centre, IISER Pune, India
Hosted at Youtube
Link Video Link
Access Online
Computer Skills Basic

Video: Evolutionary Biology: Where Do We Go Now?

A video micro-lecture that describes different ways in which climate change affects behaviour, morphology, and physiology of organisms. This video lecture by Dr. George Gilchrist, Professor of Biology at the College of William and Mary, on evolutionary adaptation highlights the difference between environmental adaptation and phenotypic plasticity, including the importance of acclimation for survival.

Students will learn about evolutionary adaptation, difference between adaptation and acclimation and how climate change may affect the distribution of animals in the tropical and temperate zones. Students will further learn why tropical organisms are at a greater potential risk of extinction due to climate change.  

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. What is evolutionary adaptation?
  2. What is the difference between adaptation and acclimation? Illustrate with examples.
  3. How does climate change affect the distribution of tropical populations?

About the Tool

Tool Name Coping with Climate Change – Evolution in the News
Discipline Biological Sciences
Topic(s) in Discipline Phenotypic Plasticity, Adaptation,Acclimation, Abiotic Factors,Genetic Variation, Range Shift
Climate Topic Climate and the Biosphere
Type of Tool Video lecture
Grade Level High School, Undergraduate
Location Global
Language English
Translation
Developed by Dr. George Gilchrist, College of William and Mary
Hosted at NESCentMedia Channel on YouTube
Link Video Link
Access Online
Computer Skills Basic

Reading: Climate Change and the Decline of Insect Population

A guidebook of gender-sensitive approaches to climate change policy for city planning. It discusses the different ways in which women and men are affected by climate change. This guidebook includes discussions on gender inequalities such as gender division of labour, gender differentials in income, gender biases in decision making, and other factors contributing to climate vulnerability.

Students will understand how climate change impacts genders differently. They will also learn the importance of gender sensitivity in formulating climate change policies. Students will be introduced to gender sensitive climate adaptation, mitigation and resilience in cities.

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. How does climate change affect genders differently?
  2. Give a few reasons why climate change policies should use a gender-sensitive approach
  3. What are the priorities for gender-sensitive climate policies at urban levels?

About the Tool 

Tool Name Gender and Urban Climate Policy: Gender-Sensitive Policies Make a Difference
Discipline Humanities, Social Sciences
Topic(s) in Discipline Gender, Gender and Climate Change, Gender Inequality, Urban Planning, Public Policy, Climate Change Policy, Climate Vulnerability
Climate Topic Climate and Society, Policies, Politics, and Environmental Governance
Type of Tool Reading
Grade Level Undergraduate, Graduate
Location  Global
Language English
Translation
Developed by Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development 
Hosted at Giz, UN Habitat, Gender CC 
Link Reading Link
Access Online, Offline
Computer Skills Basic

 

Reading: Plant Pathogenesis

A guidebook of gender-sensitive approaches to climate change policy for city planning. It discusses the different ways in which women and men are affected by climate change. This guidebook includes discussions on gender inequalities such as gender division of labour, gender differentials in income, gender biases in decision making, and other factors contributing to climate vulnerability.

Students will understand how climate change impacts genders differently. They will also learn the importance of gender sensitivity in formulating climate change policies. Students will be introduced to gender sensitive climate adaptation, mitigation and resilience in cities.

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. How does climate change affect genders differently?
  2. Give a few reasons why climate change policies should use a gender-sensitive approach
  3. What are the priorities for gender-sensitive climate policies at urban levels?

About the Tool 

Tool Name Gender and Urban Climate Policy: Gender-Sensitive Policies Make a Difference
Discipline Humanities, Social Sciences
Topic(s) in Discipline Gender, Gender and Climate Change, Gender Inequality, Urban Planning, Public Policy, Climate Change Policy, Climate Vulnerability
Climate Topic Climate and Society, Policies, Politics, and Environmental Governance
Type of Tool Reading
Grade Level Undergraduate, Graduate
Location  Global
Language English
Translation
Developed by Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development 
Hosted at Giz, UN Habitat, Gender CC 
Link Reading Link
Access Online, Offline
Computer Skills Basic