An online reading to help students understand the energy balance of planet earth, Stefan-Boltzmann’s Law and solar energy flux received by planet Earth to calculate its surface temperature. This resource can be used to demonstrate the greenhouse effect of the atmosphere by calculating the surface temperature of a bare blackbody earth, a blackbody earth with a 1-layer atmosphere.
A model/simulator to learn about vertical energy (heat) transfer in the Earth’s system and planetary energy balance.
A model/simulator to understand the effect of greenhouse gases on outgoing energy flux, and to compare the absorption of infrared radiation by various greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and water vapor.
A classroom/laboratory activity to learn about oxygen isotopes (18O and 16O); understand the relative distribution of these isotopes in the atmosphere, ocean, and cryosphere; and explore how the concentration of these isotopes can be used as indicators of paleoclimate.
A visualization to observe, understand, explore, and analyze the molecular structure of carbon compounds (CO2, CH4), the effect of electromagnetic radiation on these molecules, and the role of greenhouse gases in climate change.
A visualization to learn about the infrared (IR) spectra of different greenhouse gases and the effect of greenhouse gases on the Earth’s climate.
Climate Science Education Series
Developed by Science Media Center, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Pune, India