Beetles, Mammals, and Plants: Is Climate Driving Range Shifts Since the Last Glacial Maximum

In this exercise, students will learn how organisms responded to the change in climate since the last glacial maximum (LGM) in North America. Using the Neotoma database and ArcGIS Online, students will create taxon modern distribution maps for the species of beetles, mammals, and plants found at the Conklin Quarry fossil site in eastern Iowa. By comparing the modern species ranges of these taxa, students will interpret what the environment may have been like in eastern Iowa during the LGM.

Climate Change and the Ocean (ENSO)


Contemporary Climate Oscillations: ENSO and a case study of the Huanghe River

In this activity, students can calculate the Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) of El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) based on the mean sea level pressure data spanning 80 years. The calculated SOI can be compared with a case study of the Huanghe River.

The activity can be used as an aid to teach topics such as El Niño Southern Oscillation; River Hydrology; River Sedimentation; River Discharge; Relationship between ENSO, Precipitation and River Discharge; River Delta Geo-morphology; and Impact of Climate Change and Anthropogenic Activities on Rivers in Earth and Environmental Science. It can also be a case study for  the topic of Data Analysis in Statistics.