Teaching Module: Teach Climate Science with the Teacher Friendly Guide To Climate Change™

A teaching module of resources and activities that accompanies ‘The Teacher-Friendly Guide™ to Climate Change’

edited by Ingrid H. H. Zabel, Don Duggan-Haas, & Robert M. Ross,the Paleontological Research Institution. This teaching module includes videos and classroom/laboratory activities on the following topics

  1. Climate Science
    1. Energy and Atmosphere
      1. Infrared energy
      2. Infrared absorption by carbon dioxide
      3. Carbon dioxide and temperature
      4. Box Model: steady state vs. non-steady state behavior
      5. Heat capacity
      6. Thermal expansion of water
    2. Carbon Cycle
      1. Diurnal variations in carbon dioxide
      2. How many molecules make a trace gas?
      3. NOAA Mauna Loa data and rate of CO2 increase
      4. Respiration
    3. Hydrologic Cycle
      1. Rainfall and river response
  1. Climate Change Mitigation
    1. Renewable Energy
      1. Solar energy
      2. Near-surface geothermal energy
      3. Wind energy
    2. Carbon Sequestration
      1. Afforestation and Reforestation: tree biomass & carbon dioxide storage
  1. Communication and Advocacy
    1. Citizen science

About the Tool 

Tool NameTeach Climate Science The Teacher Friendly Guide To Climate Change
DisciplineEarth Sciences, Environmental Sciences, Geography, Chemistry, Biological Sciences, Physics, Mathematics and Statistics, Economics, Social Sciences, Humanities
Topic(s) in DisciplineClimate Change Overview
Climate Topic Introduction to Climate Change; Climate Literacy
Type of tool Teaching Module
Grade LevelHigh School, Undergraduate
LocationGlobal
LanguageEnglish
Translation
Developed byIngrid H. H. Zabel, Don Duggan-Haas, & Robert M. Ross
Hosted atPaleontological Research Institution
LinkLink
AccessOnline
Computer SkillsBasic

Teaching Module: pH Scale, Ocean Chemistry and Impact of Ocean Acidification on Marine Life

A set of hands-on laboratory activities that uses the pH scale to understand the changes in ocean chemistry due to increased carbon dioxide emissions. This module shows that increased ocean acidification has adverse effects on marine organisms.

Teaching module: The Physics of Climate Change Prediction

A teaching module developed by Climateprediction.net on climate physics and climate models. The module for ‘A level Physics’ students includes introductory resources, exercises and worksheets on climate change models. The module consists of the following sections:

  • Introducing climate prediction
  • Climate modelling using Modellus
  • Simple Climate Model
  • The logistic equation
  • Advanced Climate Model
  • Science Behind the News Headlines

Students will be introduced to iterative modelling with spatial and temporal resolutions that can be used in Gas Laws and Thermal Physics. They will also learn about advanced logistic equations and how to apply them to the issue of climate change. 

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. What is a simple energy balance model? 
  2. How can logistic equations be used to predict climate and weather changes?
  3. Discuss, with example, how climate change science is portrayed in the media?

About the tool

Tool NameA level Physics
DisciplinePhysics
Topic(s) in DisciplineClimate Physics, Thermal Physics, Gas Law, Atmospheric Physics, Chaos Theory, Chaotic Systems, Climate Change Models, Logistic Equation, Greenhouse Gas Effect
Climate Topic Planetary Energy Balance; Planetary Climate; Climate Variability Record
Type of tool Teaching Module
Grade LevelHigh School, Undergraduate
LocationGlobal 
LanguageEnglish 
Translation
Developed byClimate Prediction
Hosted atClimate Prediction Website
Linkhttps://www.climateprediction.net/education/a-level-physics/
AccessOnline/Offline
Computer SkillsBasic 

Teaching Module: Teacher Guide to Climate Change and Agriculture

A teaching module by Our Climate Our Future titled ‘Agriculture and Climate Change’ that discusses the impacts of climate change on agricultural crops and products. This resource can be used as an introduction to the topic by teachers interested in teaching about food security or agriculture. The teaching module includes a classroom/laboratory activity that is based on the National Climate Assessment report. 

Students will learn about the effects of climate change on agricultural produce in the U.S.A. Through discussions and interactive worksheets, they will also learn about food insecurity caused by climate change.  

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. How does climate change affect agriculture?
  2. How does climate change cause food insecurity?

About the Tool 

Tool NameAgriculture and Climate Change: Teacher Guide 
DisciplineEnvironmental Sciences
Topic(s) in DisciplineClimate Change Overview, Agriculture, Food Insecurity
Climate Topic Climate and Agriculture, Climate and Food Security 
Type of tool Teaching Module
Grade LevelHigh School
LocationNorth America, U.S.A
LanguageEnglish 
Translation
Developed byOur Climate Our Future
Hosted atOur Climate Our Future
LinkLink
AccessOnline/Offline
Computer SkillsBasic

Teaching Module: Climate Change and the Future of Food

A teaching module titled ‘Module 9: Food and Climate Change’ from the ‘Future of Foods’ course hosted by the InTeGrate program of the Science Education Resource Centre (SERC), Carleton College. This teaching module discusses the impacts of human-induced climate change on food production and includes instructor resources and student materials. The module includes

  1. Goals and Learning Objectives
  2. Assignments
  3. Module 9.1: Understanding Global Climate Change and Food Systems
  4. Module 9.2: Food Production in a Changing Climate
  5. Module 9 Summative Assessment
  6. Summary and Final Tasks

This resource can be used as an introduction to the topic by teachers interested in teaching about food security or agriculture. 

Students will learn about the impacts of human-induced climate change on food production. Through a reading on global food systems, they will also learn about how agriculture contributes to global warming. They will also learn about global warming and food insecurity. 

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. How does human-induced climate change affect agriculture?
  2. How does climate change cause food insecurity?

About the Tool 

Tool NameModule 9: Food and Climate Change
DisciplineEnvironmental Sciences
Topic(s) in DisciplineClimate Change Overview, Agriculture, Food Insecurity
Climate Topic Climate and Agriculture, Climate and Food Security 
Type of tool Teaching Module
Grade LevelHigh School, Undergraduate
LocationGlobal
LanguageEnglish 
Translation
Developed byInterdisciplinary Teaching about Earth for a Sustainable Future (InTeGrate), Science Education Resource Center, Carleton College
Hosted atInTeGrate SERC website
LinkLink
AccessOnline
Computer SkillsBasic

Teaching Module: Climate Adaptation and Mitigation

A teaching module titled ‘Adaptation and Mitigation’ from the e-learning course titled ‘Earth in the Future’ developed by Timothy Bralower and David Bice, The Pennsylvania State University. This module discusses the various mitigation and adaptation strategies and discusses what can be done about climate change. This topic is listed as Module 12 of the e-learning course. This overview reading can be used as an introduction to the topic by teachers interested in teaching about Climate Adaptation and Mitigation. The module includes the following topics: 

  1. The Economic Costs of Climate Change
  2. Abatement Costs: The Costs of Reducing Emissions
  3. Strategies for Reducing Carbon Emissions
  4. Modeling the Economics of Climate Change
  5. The Need for Regulation of Emissions
  6. Agriculture
  7. Water Resources
  8. Energy Resources
  9. Human Health
  10. Transportation
  11. Migration/Relocation
  12. Geoengineering
  13. Global Equity and Climate Adaptation

Students will learn about climate mitigation and adaptation in the long-term and the short-term. They will also learn about economics of climate change and its role in adaptation and mitigation. Students will additionally understand mitigating carbon emissions from energy, agricultural and transport sectors, among others. 

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. Discusses potential solutions to the climate crisis.
  2. What is climate mitigation?
  3. Discuss mitigation strategies of energy, transport, and agricultural sectors.
  4. Discuss some long term mitigation strategies.
  5. Discuss some climate adaptation strategies.

About the Tool 

Tool NameAdaptation and Mitigation
DisciplineEarth Sciences
Topic(s) in DisciplineClimate Change Overview, Adaptation, Mitigation
Climate Topic Climate Mitigation and Adaptation
Type of tool Teaching Module
Grade LevelUndergraduate, Graduate
LocationGlobal
LanguageEnglish 
Translation
Developed byTimothy Bralower and David Bice
Hosted atEarth in the Future, The Pennsylvania State University 
LinkLink
AccessOnline
Computer SkillsBasic

E-learning Course: Climate Science: An Introduction

An e-learning course by Andreas Schmittner, Oregon State University  titled ‘Introduction to Climate Science’ that discusses Earth’s climate and climate change. This course contains  lecture videos, exercises, references and various additional resources. It includes the following topics:-

  1. Weather
    1. Weather and Climate
    2. The Climate System
    3. Processes
  2. Observations
    1. Atmosphere
    2. Cryosphere
    3. Ocean
    4. Biosphere and Carbon Cycle
  3. Paleoclimate
    1. Methods
    2. The Last Two Millennia
    3. The Holocene
    4. The Ice Ages
  4. Theory
    1. Electromagnetic Radiation
    2. The Greenhouse Effect
    3. Earth’s Energy Budget
    4. Radiative Forcings, Feedback Processes, and Climate Sensitivity
  5. Carbon
    1. The Natural Carbon Cycle
    2. Anthropogenic Carbon
    3. Carbonate Chemistry and Ocean Acidification
  6. Processes
    1. Atmospheric Circulation
    2. The Hydrologic Cycle
    3. Ocean Circulation
  7. Models
    1. Construction
    2. Evaluation
    3. Applications
  8. Impacts
    1. Projections
    2. Ecosystems
    3. Long-Term Changes
    4. Regional Changes
    5. Extremes
    6. Impacts on Humans
  9. Economics
    1. Economics and the climate change challenge: Understanding incentives and policies
  10. Ethics
    1. Do We Have a Moral Responsibility to Stop Global Temperature Rise? Adapted from Moore and Nelson (2010, 2012)
  11. Solutions
    1. Technology
    2. Politics
    3. Personal Actions
    4. Adaptation

Students will be introduced to climate science and learn about the different aspects of past and present climate change – including natural and human-induced climate change. 

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. What is climate science?
  2. How does weather differ from climate?
  3. What is the Greenhouse effect?
  4. How to differentiate between natural and human-induced climate change?
  5. State some impacts of climate change.

About the Tool 

Tool NameIntroduction to Climate Science
DisciplineEarth Sciences, Environmental Sciences
Topic(s) in DisciplineClimate Change Overview, Climate Science, Global Warming, Climate History, Climate Physics, Climate Economics, Climate Politics
Climate Topic Introduction to Climate Change
Type of tool Teaching Module
Grade LevelHigh School, Undergraduate
LocationGlobal
LanguageEnglish 
Translation
Developed byAndreas Schmittner
Hosted atOregon State University
LinkLink
AccessOnline/Offline
Computer SkillsBasic

Teaching Module: Earth’s Climate and the Cryosphere: An Overview

A teaching module by the EarthLabs section of the Science Education Resources Center (SERC), Carleton College, titled ‘Climate and the Cryosphere: Unit Overview’ that discusses the link between climate change and Earth’s cryosphere. This resource can be used as an introduction to the topic by teachers interested in teaching about climate change and the role of the cryosphere in determining the climate of the planet. This teaching module includes overview discussions and detailed classroom/laboratory activities on: 

  1. Lab 1: Getting To Know The Cryosphere
  2. Earth’s Frozen Oceans
  3. Land Ice
  4. Climate History and the Cryosphere
  5. Evidence of Recent Change
  6. Future of the Cryosphere

Students will learn about the role of the cryosphere in determining the climate of planet Earth. They will also learn how climate change impacts the cryosphere. 

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. How does climate change impact the cryosphere?
  2. What is the role of the cryosphere in determining the climate of planet Earth?

About the Tool 

Tool NameClimate and the Cryosphere: Unit Overview
DisciplineEarth Sciences
Topic(s) in DisciplineClimate Change Overview, Cryosphere, Glaciers, Albedo, Milankovitch Cycles, Glacial-Interglacial Cycles
Climate Topic Climate and the Cryosphere
Type of tool Teaching Module
Grade LevelUndergraduate
LocationGlobal
LanguageEnglish 
Translation
Developed byEarthLabs
Hosted atEarthLabs section of the Science Education Resources Center (SERC), Carleton College
LinkLink
AccessOnline
Computer SkillsBasic

Teaching Module: Climate Change Mathematics by NASA

A teaching module by NASA makes the use of basic mathematics, algebra, geometry, trigonometric functions and statistics to understand earth science and climate change. This teaching module consists of a range of topics, for different grade levels, and relates them to mathematical modelling. The topic covered are as stated below:

  1. Fractions and Chemistry
  2. Counting Atoms in a Molecule
  3. Parts per Hundred
  4. Parts per Thousand
  5. Kelvin Temperatures and Very Cold Things
  6. Does Anybody Really Know What Time It Is? 
  7. Ancient Eclipses and the Length of Day 
  8. Earth’s Polar Wander – The Chandler Wobble 
  9. Identifying Materials by their Reflectivity 
  10. Reflectivity Fingerprints
  11. Graphical Reflectivity Measurements 
  12. Electricity – Watts and Kilowatts
  13. Energy in the Home
  14. Energy Consumption in an Empty House! 
  15. Annual Electricity Consumption in a Home
  16. Carbon Dioxide Production at Home
  17. US Electrical Energy Consumption
  18. World Electricity Consumption and Carbon Dioxide 
  19. Earth’s Atmosphere
  20. Carbon Dioxide Production and Sequestration
  21. Carbon Dioxide Increases
  22. Modeling the Keeling Curve with Excel
  23. Carbon Dioxide – Where does it all go?
  24. A Simple Model for Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide 
  25. Carbon Dioxide Increases During the Last 2000 Years
  26. Carbon Dioxide Changes During the Last 400,000 Years 
  27. Solar Insolation Changes and the Sunspot Cycle
  28. The Solar Constant Since 1600
  29. Scientists Track the Rising Tide
  30. A Satellite View of Downtown Las Vegas
  31. Exploring Washington DC from Space! 
  32. Paris – In a Different Light
  33. Glacier Retreat
  34. Estimating Biomass Loss From a Large Fire 
  35. Earth – A Matter of Gravity!
  36. Magnetic Earth and the Lithosphere 
  37. Studying Ocean Plankton From Space 
  38. NASA Satellite Sees Carbon Dioxide 
  39. Carbon Production in the US – 2002 
  40. Earth’s Carbon Metabolism – Revealed
  41. The International Space Station and Atmospheric Drag 
  42. Satellite Drag and the Hubble Space Telescope 
  43. Earth’s Rotation Changes and the Length of the Day 
  44. The Global Warming Debate and the Arctic Ice Cap 
  45. The Great Gulf Oil Catastrophe of 2010
  46. Recent Events: A Perspective on Carbon Dioxide

Use this tool to help students find answers to:

  1. What is ‘reflectivity’? Graph the measurements of commonly mentioned materials as per their reflectivity index.
  2. What is ‘Keeling Curve’? What does it say about carbon dioxide concentrations over time?
  3. How is carbon dioxide concentration calculated using satellite imagery?

About the Tool

Tool NameEarth Math Educator Guide
DisciplineEarth Sciences, Mathematics and Statistics, Environmental Sciences
Topic(s) in DisciplineAlgebra, Data Analysis, Probability, Trigonometry, Fractions and Decimals, Energy Consumption, Visualization, Graphs, Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide, Keeling Curve, Carbon Sequestration, Glacier Retreat
Climate TopicIntroduction to Climate Change; Climate Variability Record; Planetary Climate
Type of toolTeaching Module
Grade LevelMiddle School, Highschool
LocationGlobal
LanguageEnglish
Translation 
Developed byNASA
Hosted atNANA STEM Engagement Website 
LinkLink
AccessOnline/ Offline
Computer SkillsBasic

Teaching Module: Planetary Energy Balance

A teaching module including readings and associated links by the American Chemical Society that discusses the balance between incoming solar energy and outgoing terrestrial energy and its relationship with the surface  temperature of the Earth. This overview reading can be used as an introduction to the topic by teachers interested in teaching about planetary energy balance or planetary climate. The module includes discussion on energy emissions, radiation, black body radiation, Planck equation and the Stefan-Boltzmann Law. The module also provides links to the following: 

  1. How much energy from the Sun reaches the planet
  2. The predicted temperature from a planet in energy balance with the Sun 
  3. The effect of atmospheres on planetary temperatures
  4. How the temperature of the Earth is determined

Students will learn about the energy balance equation and how it can be used to calculate the surface temperature of the Earth. 

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. What is a blackbody?
  2. State the Stefan-Boltzmann Law? Calculate the surface temperature of the Earth based on the balance between incoming solar energy and outgoing terrestrial energy.

About the Tool 

Tool NameEnergy Balance and Planetary Temperatures
DisciplineEarth Sciences, Physics
Topic(s) in DisciplineClimate Change Overview,Blackbody, Electromagnetic Radiation, Stefan-Boltzmann Law, Planck’s Law
Climate Topic Planetary Energy Balance, Planetary Climate
Type of tool Teaching Module
Grade LevelHigh School, Undergraduate
LocationGlobal
LanguageEnglish 
Translation
Developed byACS Climate Science Toolkit, American Chemical Society
Hosted atAmerican Chemical Society 
LinkLink
AccessOnline
Computer SkillsBasic

Teaching Module: Analyzing Climate Science Data through Simple Statistical Techniques

A teaching module that demonstrates the use of linear and quadratic regression to analyze Arctic sea ice extent data and the use of graphs, sample correlations, and multiple regression to analyze atmospheric CO2 level data, solar irradiance data, and average global temperature data.

Teaching Module: Predict the Climate by throwing a dice

A teaching module that uses a dice and Excel to demonstrate the difference between experimental and theoretical probabilities. It also uses temperature and precipitation data to calculate moving average, identify trends in time series, and learn about data visualization.

This teaching module provides multiple resources under 4 categories:

  1. Teachers’ notes for ‘Using sample data sets’ for offline teaching.
  2. Teachers’ notes, students’ notes, sample spreadsheet, presentation and presentation notes for ‘ Using dice as Climate Model’ for offline teaching using a computer.
  3. Teachers’ notes and students’ worksheet for ‘Investigating climate data using climateprediction.net results’ for online teaching, and
  4. Presentation and teaching notes for designing statistical questionnaire

Students will ​​learn about Excel functions, such as RAND, IF, and AVERAGE. They will also learn about visualization, modeling, probability and time series through climate modeling. Furthermore, students will also learn basic methodology used while designing questionnaires. 

Use this tool to help students find answers to:

  1. If you throw a dice 100 times, can you predict the climate? What is the probability that the 101st throw will be 4?
  2. Using climatepredictions.net to run temperature models, calculate the percentage error for each model.
  3. How is climate predicted? Why does climate prediction require the use of multiple models run over long periods of time? 

About the Tool

Tool NameKey stage 3 & 4 Maths
DisciplineMathematics and Statistics
Topic(s) in DisciplineProbability, Average, Moving Average, Mean, Time Series, Visualization, Questionnaire Formulation
Climate TopicClimate Variability Record; Climate and the Atmosphere
Type of toolTeaching Module
Grade LevelHigh School
LocationGlobal
LanguageEnglish
Translation 
Developed byclimateprediction.net
Hosted atclimateprediction.net
LinkLink
AccessOnline/ Offline
Computer SkillsBasic

Teaching Module: Poetry Writing

A classroom activity designed by the Poetry Society, UK that demonstrates techniques to write climate change poetry. This module provides a step by step guide in poetry writing. It uses Amanda Dalton’s poem ‘How to Disappear’ to draw on the theme of ‘disappearance’ which the reader can interpret on both personal levels as well as for the planet impacted by global warming. 

Students will learn techniques of poetry writing, specifically climate change poetry. They will also learn to narrate their emotions and perceptions about climate change through poetry.

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. What are the essential components of poetry?
  2. What are some things that may disappear from the Earth due to global warming?
  3. Discuss an idea for a climate change related poem.

About the Tool 

Tool NameVanishing Acts: Connecting Climate Change and Poetry 
DisciplineHumanities
Topic(s) in DisciplinePoetry 
Climate Topic Climate and Society
Type of tool Reading
Grade LevelHigh school
LocationGlobal
LanguageEnglish 
Translation
Developed byHelen Mort
Hosted atThe Poetry Society, UK
Linkhttps://poetryclass.poetrysociety.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/Vanishing-Acts-Poetry-and-Climate-Change-Helen-Mort-2.pdf
AccessOnline/Offline
Computer SkillsBasic

Teaching Module: Biogeochemical Cycles and Climate Change

A teaching module that discusses the carbon cycle and the nitrogen cycle. This reading by University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) describes the 2 cycles and details how the components are cycled through different parts of the Earth- atmosphere, biosphere, lithosphere, and hydrosphere. 

Students will be introduced to biogeochemical cycles, the processes involved, and how the carbon and nitrogen cycles work. They will further understand how anthropogenic activities potentially alter the functioning of such cycles and how this contributes to climate change.

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. What is the carbon cycle? Describe its components and processes.
  2. What is the nitrogen cycle? Describe its components and processes.
  3. Discuss how biogeochemical cycles influence Earth’s climate?

About the tool

Tool NameBiogeochemical Cycles
DisciplineChemistry
Topic(s) in DisciplineCarbon Cycle, Nitrogen Cycle, Sequestration, Capture and Storage, Sources and Sinks, Biogeochemical Cycles
Climate Topic Long-term Cycles and Feedback Mechanisms; Climate and the Atmosphere, Climate and the Biosphere; Climate and the Hydrosphere, Climate and the Anthroposphere; Climate Mitigation and Adaptation
Type of tool Teaching Module
Grade LevelMiddle School, High School
LocationGlobal
LanguageEnglish 
Translation
Developed byUniversity Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR)
Hosted atUCAR Website
LinkLink
AccessOnline
Computer SkillsBasic

Teaching Module: Climate Change for Introduction to Social Sciences

A teaching module by Andrew Szasz, University of California, Santa Cruz titled ‘A Climate Change Module for Introductory Sociology Classes’ for instructors and teachers that discusses how climate change can be taught in the Sociology classroom. It provides educators with teaching resources such as videos, sample lesson plans, discussion points and sample powerpoint that educators can use in their classrooms. These resources are :-

  1. Videos
    1. The Physics of Climate Change (Jeff Kiehl, 31:59), Click Here
    2. A Sociology of Climate Change, Introduction (Andrew Szasz,  3:14), Click Here
    3. A Sociology of Climate Change, Causes (Andrew Szasz, 17:58), Click Here
    4. A Sociology of Climate Change, Impacts (Andrew Szasz, 27:45), Click Here
    5. A Sociology of Climate Change, Responses (Andrew Szasz, 26:53), Click Here
  2. Sample Lesson Plans
    1. One session option
    2. Two session option
  3. Suggestions For Classroom Instruction on
    1. Making climate change feel real
    2. When difficult feelings arise
    3. Climate denier(s) in the class
  4. Sample PowerPoints On
    1. Introduction
    2. Causes
    3. Impacts
    4. Responses

Students will understand the importance of the Social Sciences and the discipline of Sociology in understanding climate change. 

Use this tool to help your students find answers to: 

  1. How does society contribute to climate change?
  2. What are some of the impacts climate change has and may have on society?
  3. How has society responded to the threat of climate change?

About the Tool 

Tool NameA Climate Change Module for Introduction to Sociology Classes
DisciplineSocial Sciences
Topic(s) in DisciplineClimate Change Overview
Climate Topic Climate Literacy; Climate and Society
Type of tool Teaching Module
Grade LevelHigh School, Undergraduate
LocationGlobal
LanguageEnglish 
Translation
Developed byAndrew Szasz & Jeffrey Kiehl, University of California, Santa Cruz
Hosted atLink
LinkLink
AccessOnline
Computer SkillsBasic

Teaching Module: T-tests and Climate Data

A teaching module by Wendy Van Norden, University of Wisconsin, that makes the use of T-tests to analyse dataset to study seasonal ice cover over Lake Mendota, US, to understand how climate change has impacted ice cover over 160 years.

This teaching module will have the following outcomes:

  1. Students will learn the use of Excel through a guided-inquiry process of the statistical tool (T-test) for comparing change in seasonal ice cover data over time. 
  2. Students will be introduced to statistical terms such as probability, variance, uncertainty, standard deviation, mean and T-test. 
  3. Students will understand the difference between annual variability versus long-term trends.

Additionally, students will ​​learn to use and investigate the IPCC Likelihood Scale and apply it to their statistical results.

Use this tool to help students find answers to:

  1. What is a T-test?
  2. Using T-test for the given data, calculate the probability of ‘ice off’ date being earlier than in the previous decades.

About the Tool

Tool NameProbabilities, Uncertainties and Units Used to Quantify Climate Change
DisciplineMathematics and Statistics
Topic(s) in DisciplineProbability, Variance, Uncertainty, Standard Deviation, Mean, T-test, P-value
Climate TopicClimate Variability Record; Climate and the Hydrosphere
Type of toolTeaching Module
Grade LevelHighschool
LocationGlobal
LanguageEnglish
Translation 
Developed byWendy Van Norden
Hosted atCLEAN Website
Linkhttps://cleanet.org/resources/42682.html
AccessOnline/ Offline
Computer SkillsBasic

Teaching Module: Introduction to Statistics through Weather Forecasting

A teaching module by Ginny Brown, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR), that uses climate data to teach statistical parameters such as mean, median, mode, extreme values, percent frequency of occurrence and time, range, standard deviation, and data anomalies. It also includes discussion on the use of statistical parameters that represent a climate or weather variable.

Students will learn the statistical parameters used in basic climate modeling. Additionally, they will also learn about climatology and forecasting.  

Use this tool to help students find answers to:

  1. Define the following:
    1. Mean
    2. Median,
    3. Mode,
    4. Frequency,
    5. Standard Deviation
    6. Data anomaly
  2. Explain what statistical parameters are best suited for weather prediction using wind and temperature data. 
  3. Describe the impacts of data quality on climate modeling.

About the Tool

Tool NameModule: Introduction to Statistics for Climatology – UCAR COMET
DisciplineMathematics and Statistics, Earth Sciences
Topic(s) in DisciplineMean, Median, Mode, Frequency, Standard Deviation, Data Anomalies, Climatology, Weather Forecasting
Climate TopicClimate Variability Record; Climate and the Atmosphere
Type of toolTeaching Module
Grade LevelHigh School
LocationGlobal
LanguageEnglish
Translation 
Developed byGinny Brown, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR)
Hosted atCAMEL Climate Change Education
LinkLink
AccessOnline/ Offline
Computer SkillsBasic