A reading that explains the phase diagrams of water on Earth, Mars, and Venus and discusses the water vapor feedback mechanism in the atmospheres of these planets that influences the greenhouse effect.
A classroom activity that teaches students about the different atmospheric aerosols and gases released during volcanic eruptions and how they can affect climate.
A reading that discusses the effects of elevated CO2 levels on the photosynthetic efficiency of field-grown plants.
A reading that discusses how chemical bonds in molecules respond to incident IR light and absorb IR energy during certain modes of vibration. The reading includes discussions on the vibrational modes of water vapor and carbon dioxide (CO2) molecules and explains why these gases act as greenhouse gases.
A teaching module to introduce the impact of climate change on water systems and the resulting effects on human society.
A teaching module that demonstrates the use of linear and quadratic regression to analyze Arctic sea ice extent data and the use of graphs, sample correlations, and multiple regression to analyze atmospheric CO2 level data, solar irradiance data, and average global temperature data.
A classroom/laboratory activity to learn about glacial retreat and to predict the complete melting of a glacier (specifically, for an example in Glacier National Park).
A reading to learn about the effects of climate change on food security and to explore climate change adaptation measures to ensure food security.
A classroom/laboratory activity to explore the possible role of climate-related environmental factors in the timing of leaf-out in plants (specifically, red maple leaf-out in New England).
A classroom/laboratory activity to model temperature data by using trigonometric functions.
A laboratory activity to learn about the urban heat island effect and heat waves.
A classroom/laboratory activity to learn about linear slope, trends, confidence intervals, and Student’s t-distribution by calculating trends and uncertainties using hurricane data records over 40 years.
A classroom/laboratory activity to learn about statistical methods to analyze average annual temperatures of major cities in the world (New York and Sydney) and to determine trends in the data.
A classroom/laboratory activity to calculate the mean daily temperature using hourly temperature data and to compare different statistical techniques for determining this value.
A classroom/laboratory activity to learn about regression analysis of data by using global temperature data over a period of 150 years.