As a teacher of high school Biology, you can use this set of computer-based tools when teaching about protozoa, vector-borne diseases (such as malaria), and human health and diseases.

Your current lesson plan can be augmented with a classroom/laboratory activity that allows students to understand how climate change could impact the spread of vector-borne diseases (specifically, malaria) and could consequently affect human health outcomes. The activity will also help students to interpret data and predict potential changes in malaria distribution.

Thus, the use of this Lesson Plan allows you to integrate the teaching of a climate science topic with a core topic in Biology.

About 

Discipline Biological Sciences
Grade Level High School
Topic(s) in Discipline Protozoa, Malaria, Vector-borne Diseases, Climate Change and the Spread of Malaria
Location Global, USA
Access Online (some material can be downloaded for offline use)
Languages English
Climate Topic Climate and Health

Resources 

This toolkit includes a micro-lecture, a proposed classroom/lab activity using printable material and maps, a computer-based game, and additional resources. A step-by-step guide to use the toolkit is also provided.

Contents 
 1Micro-lecture (approx. 8 min) To explain the potential impact of climate change on disease vectors and the spread of diseases, and consequently, on human health outcomes
 2. A classroom/lab activity with a student activity sheet To conduct a classroom activity in which students can examine maps on malaria distribution, study temperature data, establish potential links between disease distribution and temperature, and predict the effect of climate change on disease distribution
 3. A computer-based game with teacher notes and homework sheet To understand the impact of climate on health, identify diseases, and choose actions or policies for adapting to and mitigating the spread of diseases
 4. Additional resources  To explore the topic in more detail

 Here is a step-by-step guide to using this toolkit in the classroom/laboratory. Please note that we have suggested these steps as a possible plan of action. You may customize the toolkit according to your preferences and requirements.
How to Use
 1. Topic introduction and discussion
  • Discuss vector-borne diseases and the factors that influence their distribution and spread.
  • Proceed with your existing lesson plan to explain malaria (or another vector-borne disease) and its transmission.
  • Discuss the environmental conditions that are conducive for the spread of malaria (or another vector-borne disease).
 2. Play micro-lecture (video length: approx. 8 min)

Malaria-video

Then play this video, titled “Human Health, Vector-Borne Diseases, and Climate Change”, which is a micro-lecture. In this video, Mary Hayden and Andy Monaghan from the National left for Atmospheric Research discuss the role of weather and climate as one of the various factors that could impact the spread of diseases, thus potentially affecting human health outcomes.
Link to the short video about Climate and Health from UCARConnect, featuring Mary Hayden and Andy Monaghan from the National left for Atmospheric Research: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jDueuwB3Tcs
 3. Classroom/Laboratory activityMalaria Now, explore this topic in an engaging manner:

  • Download the activity, “Beyond the Bite: Mosquitoes & Malaria,” developed by Institute for Global Environmental Strategies from https://www.strategies.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/Mosquitoes_May02.pdf
  • Print the maps and other data sheets for your students.
  • Conduct the activity in the classroom or lab by following the procedure described in the downloaded file.
 4. Computer-based Game  Students can play the computer-based game, “Climate Health Impact,” from Big Picture/Playgen for an interactive experience. This game will enable students to understand the possible effects of climate change on human health in different regions of the world, to identify diseases from their symptoms, and to explore measures (specifically, policies) for adaptation and mitigation:

Note: This game requires a Flash player; therefore, it may not play in some browsers. The game works in Firefox.

Additional Resources
1. Reading Climate Change and Infectious Diseases from the World Health Organization (WHO):

http://www.who.int/globalchange/environment/en/chapter6.pdf

2. Video Watch the instructors of the course, “Epidemics – the Dynamics of Infectious Diseases,” discussing the role of climate change in disease emergence.

A video from a course by the Pennsylvania State University:

https://www.coursera.org/learn/epidemics/lecture/2EXqq/what-is-the-role-of-climate-change-in-disease-emergence

3. Interactive Visualization (Computer-based tool) Learn more about the relationship between climate change and the spread of some infectious diseases in New Zealand by using this health analysis tool from the Institute of Environmental Science and Research Limited (ESR) and other collaborators:

https://haifa.esr.cri.nz/modelling-and-map-portal/modelling-map/

 Credits/Copyrights
Micro-lecture UCARConnect, Mary Hayden and Andy Monaghan from the National left for Atmospheric Research
Classroom/Lab Activity, Beyond the Bite Institute for Global Environmental Strategies
Computer-based Game, Climate Health Impact Big Picture/Playgen
Additional Resources World Health Organization, Coursera (course by The Pennsylvania State University), and the Institute of Environmental Science and Research (New Zealand)
Images Institute for Global Environmental Strategies

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Disclaimer: All the pedagogical tools and images in our collated list are owned by the corresponding creators/authors/organizations as listed on their websites. Please view the individual copyright and ownership details for each tool by following the individual links provided.
We have selected and analyzed the tools that align with the overall objective of our project and have provided the corresponding links. We do not claim ownership of or responsibility/liability for any of the listed tools and images.

Download Toolkit