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Climate Solutions for the Future


A video playlist titled ‘CS – Drawdown – 9 – Coming Attractions’ from the ‘Murtugudde Climate Academy’ by Dr. Raghu Murtugudde. It consists of 29 short video lectures that summarise upcoming innovations in climate solutions. The solutions are based on the book titled ‘Drawdown’ edited by Paul Hawken.

The video lectures are as follows:

  1. Repopulating the Mammoth Steppe (13.14 mins): The video explains the importance of repopulating the mammoth steppe which means reintroducing herds of migratory herbivores in the Arctic region, where vast stores of carbon locked in the permafrost are endangered due to thawing of the permafrost. It states that livestock grazing will break the upper layer of snow and the permafrost (frozen soil) will get exposed to heat loss which shall keep the temperature of the permafrost low and trap the carbon from escaping the soil due to run-off warming.
  2. Pasture Cropping (5.51 mins): This video discusses pasture cropping which is a technique of mixing fodder crops along with perennial agricultural crops and allowing the livestock to graze in the same farmland. The video mentions its advantages such as high crop yields, increased fodder for livestock, high rate of carbon biosequestration, and improved nutrient cycling amongst others.
  3. Enhanced Weathering of Minerals (11.26 mins): This video explains the technique of carbon sequestration through forced weathering of rocks and minerals. It states that naturally occurring minerals and rocks that are rich sources of silica, potassium and calcium can be grounded in a pulverised form and spread on agricultural soils to increase the uptake of CO2.
  4. Marine Permaculture (9.01 mins): This video explains marine permaculture which means introducing Kelp plantation in water sources and seas along the coastline. It mentions that Kelp plantations act as ecosystems that help aquatic life grow around these forests. The video also mentions that kelp forests boost the oxygen content as well as help sequester carbon in the ocean.
  5. Intensive Silvopasture (4.31 mins): This video explains the technique of intensive silvopasture where fodder crops and trees are mixed together and livestock is made to graze in these lands. It mentions that this technique enhances the cattle health, carbon sequestration, and improves soil and meat quality.
  6. Artificial Leaf (3.49 mins): This video explains artificial leaf, an upcoming technology to produce biofuel. It mentions that an artificial bionic leaf mimics the process of photosynthesis, by which a cleaner burning biofuel can be made.
  7. Autonomous Vehicles (9.35 mins): This video discusses autonomous vehicles or self driven cars. It mentions that the AV technology will have functional domains such as driver assistance, vehicle safety, vehicle motion, infotainment and vehicle body electronics in place for high speed in-vehicle networks, smooth flow of traffic and optimum energy consumption.
  8. Solid-State Wave Energy (5.20 mins): This video explains the concept of harnessing wave energy which has a massive potential for electricity generation. It mentions some wave energy technologies which are used to convert the kinetic energy of waves into electricity such as oscillating water column, attenuator, oscillating water surge converter, and bulge wave amongst others.
  9. Living Buildings (8.09 mins): This video explains the Living Building Challenge which is a building certification program based on factors like place, waster, energy, health & happiness, materials, equity and beauty. The video shares the idea that if something appeals to people, they strive to preserve it and hence the livability of buildings is enhanced with a view of becoming regenerative and sustainable.
  10. Direct Air Capture (7.28 mins): This video discusses capturing CO2 from the air directly. It mentions the challenges in this technique such as higher investment cost for the infrastructure, CO2 separation process, & storage, and comparatively low extraction of CO2.
  11. Hydrogen Boron Fusion (6.25 mins): This video discusses nuclear power generation using atomic fission of hydrogen and boron. It states that such a technology can theoretically be a source of unlimited energy which can put an end to the use of fossil fuels. The video also mentions the extent of its practicality and challenges in its implementation.
  12. Smart Highways (5.17 mins): This video discusses the idea of designing smart highways which will be able to aid hybrid and electric cars technology in the near future. It also mentions some of the recent advancements in smart roads such as charging stations, solar energy harvesting, safety and logistics sensors, digital traffic signs, emergency rescue, and smart lighting amongst others.
  13. Hyperloop (6 mins): This video mentions the hyperloop rail system. It explains that a hyperloop system creates a low pressure channel with negligible air resistance which would enable a railway to pass at a very high speed maintaining fuel efficiency and saving travel time.
  14. Microbial Farming (8 mins): This video explains the technique of farming for microbes. It mentions that these microbes when added to the soil can potentially enhance the soil health, food quality and productivity and reduce the dependence on fertilisers.
  15. Industrial Hemp (6.46 mins): This video explains hemp, which is a species of sustainable fibre that can find applications in various industries. It states that industrial hemp can potentially replace cotton which will save considerable amounts of water and preserve soil health.
  16. Perennial Crops (8.31 mins): This video discusses cultivating perennial crops which need not be replanted each year, but grow back on their own after the harvest. It mentions that perennial crops are robust, protect the soil from erosion, and improve the soil structure, carbon sequestration and water filtration.
  17. A Cow Walks on to a Beach (8.11 mins): This video discusses feeding a certain kind of seaweed named asparagopsis taxiformis (red algae) found on the seashores, to the cattle. The video mentions that this seaweed has the ability to reduce methane produced from the digestion of the cattle, which shall not only reduce the methane emissions but also give a profitable yield.
  18. Ocean Farming (8.01 mins): This video explains a sustainable technique of ocean farming where artificial breeding grounds are set up for various aquatic species. It states that such areas can then be exploited for fish production while the rest of the ocean ecosystem remains untouched and conserved.
  19. Smart Grid (11.34 mins): This video discusses smart grids which consist of various electricity generation sources connected to a common distribution unit. It mentions the benefits of a smart grid such as efficient transmission, fewer power disturbances, reduced operational costs, inclusion of renewable power sources, and improved security amongst others.
  20. Building with Wood (5.20 mins): This video determines the scope of construction of buildings using timber or wood. It states that wooden constructions have a theoretically zero dependence on steel and cement which are the major contributors to CO2 emissions. The video also mentions that a wooden building can store carbon for as long as it is standing and be completely degraded into the soil once it is demolished.
  21. Whales as Nature based Solutions (18.20 mins): This video discusses the role of whales in the ecosystem and their relevance to climate conservation. It mentions the ecosystem benefits from whales such as aquatic carbon sequestration, enhanced biodiversity, enhanced evolutionary potential, and climate regulation amongst others.
  22. Elephants as Nature based Solutions (12.25 mins): This video discusses the role of elephants in the ecosystem and their relevance to climate conservation. It mentions that the elephants with their longer life spans can store large amounts of carbon and their migration is influential in enriching the surrounding biodiversity. The video emphasises on reducing deforestation and poaching for elephant conservation.
  23. Nature based Solutions or Dispossessions (19.25 mins): This video compares the viewpoint of meeting the climate targets from nature based solutions against the practicality of their implementation and actual results. It mentions the debate between offsetting emissions by implementing carbon neutrality strategies and actual reduction in emissions by large corporations.
  24. Nature Based Solutions and Corporations (20.03 mins): This video provides an overview of the initiatives and policies adopted by different large corporations towards their commitment for net zero goals. It mentions the observation that it is cheaper and more convenient to invest in nature based solutions than investing in technologies that capture carbon.
  25. Taking Stock of Net Zero (17.08 mins): This video analyses the net-zero commitments given by various countries and large corporations and its implementation. The video also gives an overview of the statistics of net zero targets for various populations, states, countries and corporations around the world.
  26. Peeing Carefully to Save the Planet (14.18 mins): This video explains the idea of treatment of human urine to make fertilisers for soil as well as reduce contamination of water sources. It mentions a study of urban waste water which suggests that human urine holds enough nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium to offset more than 13% of agricultural fertiliser demand.
  27. Toilets Taboo and Sustainable Biogas (13.05 mins): This video explains the importance of treatment of human faeces to make biogas and fertiliser as well as to reduce contamination of water sources. It mentions the benefits offered by a biogas system and emphasises reduction in fossil fuel burning.
  28. Adaptation Pathways for Toilet Linked Biogas (9.39 mins): This video discusses the opportunities and challenges in adopting Toilet Linked Anaerobic Digester (TLAD) systems. It mentions strategies such as creating awareness and public demonstrations to encourage people to install toilet linked biogas systems.
  29. Drawdown: An update of Leading Climate Solutions (16.46 mins): This video provides a comparative overview of two specific scenarios for CO2 reductions through the various climate solutions discussed in project drawdown. It mentions the two scenarios as follows: Scenario 1- in line with 2 degrees celsius rise by 2100; Scenario 2- in line with 1.5 degree celsius rise by 2100.

Students will be introduced to upcoming innovations and technologies that can potentially help with climate mitigation and offer climate solutions. They will be able to build perspectives on adoption of biosphere based climate solutions that consist of carbon sequestration through nature based solutions versus geosphere based climate solutions that consist of technologies that capture carbon directly to be stored into the rocks and seabeds. They will also learn about the importance of naturally existing animal and plant species for climate conservation.

This is the first video from a playlist of 34 videos. Click here to check the playlist.

This is the first video from a playlist of 34 videos. Click here to check the playlist.

Use this tool to help your students find answers to:

  1. List the upcoming technologies that can potentially offer climate solutions in the near future.
  2. List the traditional nature based practices that can potentially offer climate solutions.
  3. How do different animal species such as elephants and whales contribute to climate conservation?
  4. Describe the role of large corporations and country economies towards addressing climate change.
About Tool
Tool Name CS – Drawdown – 9 – Coming Attractions
Discipline Environmental Sciences, Economics, Chemistry, Biological Sciences 
Topic(s) in Discipline Climate Solutions, Carbon Emissions, Climate Change Economics, Food Security, Agro-Ecosystems, Carbon Sequestration, Ecosystems, Conservation
Climate Topic Climate Solutions; Climate Mitigation and Adaptation; Energy, Economics and Climate Change; Climate and Society, Climate Literacy, Climate and Food Securit
Type of tool Video
Grade Level Undergraduate, Graduate
Location Global
Language English
Translation      –
Developed by Raghu Murtugudde
Hosted at Murtugudde Climate Academy, YouTube
Access Online
Computer Skills Basic

Mapped Sustainable Development Goal(s), apart from 4 and 13


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