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Earth’s Climate, the Biosphere, and Geological Evolution


A playlist of lecture videos titled, ‘Climate Science Education Series’ by Raghu Murtugudde, Professor, University of Maryland, USA and developed by Science Media Center, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Pune, India. This playlist provides an overview of the relationships between the Earth’s climate, the biosphere, and the lithosphere.

This Series consists of the following video lecture:

  1. Structure of the Earth
  2. Introduction to the Geo-Biosphere
  3. Plate Tectonics, Plate Movement and Plate Reconstruction
  4. Movement of the Indian Plate, Climate Change and Biological Response
  5. Geologic Timescales
  6. Tree of Life
  7. Allometric and Isometric Scaling
  8. Effect of Climate on Biology: Allopatric Speciation
  9. Evolution of Plants, Flowers and Seeds
  10. Life and the Evolution of Earth’s Atmosphere
  11. Climate Impacts on Leaf Morphology
  12. Plant Response to Climate Change
  13.  Environmental Variability and Biodiversity
  14.  Environmental Variability and Distribution of Species
  15.  Climate, The Earth’s Atmosphere & The Biosphere
  16.  Human Origins, Human Evolution and Climate
  17. Human Migration and Species Extinction
  18. Human Induced Change and Effect on Species
  19. Climate and Sex Selection

Students will learn about topics such as plate tectonics, formation of mountains, climate and biological evolution. They will also be introduced to how plant responses to changes in atmospheric CO2, what determines the distribution of species on planet Earth, and how humans are affecting climate, and how climate influences human evolution.

Use this tool to help your students find answers to:

  1. Are humans changing climate to such an extent that species cannot adapt?
  2. How have the Himalayas influenced climate and affected vegetation?
  3. What is the impact of mean temperature on leaf morphology?
  4. How does climate change affect competition between C3 and C4 plants?
  5. How does human migration affect species distribution?
About Tool
Tool Name Earth’s Climate, the Biosphere, and Geological Evolution
Discipline Biological Sciences, Earth Sciences 
Topic(s) in Discipline Climate Change Overview, Earth’s Climate, Biosphere, Lithosphere
Climate Topic Climate and the Biosphere, Climate and the Lithosphere, Climate Literacy, Introduction to Climate Change 
Type of tool Video
Grade Level Undergraduate
Location Global
Language English
Translation      –
Developed by Raghu Murtugudde for TROP ICSU 
Hosted at YouTube Channel of the Science Media Center, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Pune, India 
Access Online
Computer Skills Basic


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