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India’s Climate Change Policies


A video lecture on India’s climate change policies and governance by Navroz Dubash, Center for Policy Research. This video lecture is part 2 of a 2-part lecture series titled ‘Climate Change: Policy and Governance: Global Negotiations and Domestic Policy Making’ of a MOOC. This MOOC has been developed by the National Resource Center on Climate Change at the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Pune, India. The video discusses the history of India’s climate change policy. It also includes discussions on public narrative and policy frameworks through two main themes:

  1. India’s changing climate narrative: This section focuses on the history of India’s climate change policy and the change in public climate change narrative. The section discusses climate equity
  2. Emerging climate policy framework: This section discusses the current policy framework and stakeholders in mitigating climate change

The lecture discusses specific climate change impacts such as decreased agricultural yields, increased rainfall, melting of glaciers and water scarcity that directly affect the economic development of India. Dubash explains India’s growing energy needs and the potential threat that climate change may have on the development of the energy sector. Additionally, the lecture discusses India’s current carbon emitting position with regards to other countries such as the U.S.A and China, creating an upper limit of emissions. The lecture also discusses the potential synergy of development and climate mitigation through the concept of “ urban co-benefits” where sectors like transport can develop to include mitigation techniques. Dubash also discusses the current institutional landscape for climate governance that starts with governing bodies such as the Ministry of Environment and Forest in 2007 and continues with the National Action Plan in 2009. Lastly, the lecture discusses the three pledges that India, as part of the Paris Agreement, has undertaken to carry out:

  1. Decrease emission intensity by 33-35% by 2030
  2. To convert from fossil fuels to renewable energy sources by 2030
  3. Sequester 2.5-3.0 billion tons of carbon dioxide in the forest sector by 2030

Students will learn about the history of India’s climate change policies. They will also learn about the climate change narratives in India and how it has been influenced by inequity, social impacts such as poverty and water scarcity and geopolitical drivers such as foreign policy, country alliances and global economic development. Students will further learn about the institutions and local governing bodies that influence climate change policy making. They will further learn about India’s current position within global climate mitigation initiatives and the competition of development within countries

Use this tool to help your students find answers to:

  1. Discuss the history of India’s climate change policies.
  2. Discuss the change of climate change narratives in India over the last 20 years.
  3. How does the debate between development and climate change mitigation influence climate change policy making?
About Tool
Tool Name W10 CO8 LO2 Climate Change: Policy and Governance: Global Negotiations and Domestic Policy Making
Discipline Social Sciences
Topic(s) in Discipline Public Policy, Climate Change Policy, Governance, India Climate Change Policy, Political Science, Security Studies 
Climate Topic Policy, Politics and Environmental Governance
Type of tool Video (36 mins) 
Grade Level Undergraduate, Graduate
Location Global
Language English
Translation      –
Developed by Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Pune
Hosted at YouTube
Access Online
Computer Skills Basic

Mapped Sustainable Development Goal(s), apart from 4 and 13


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