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Statistical Methods to Determine Historical Temperature Trends

Teaching Module

A classroom/laboratory activity to learn about statistical methods to analyse average annual temperatures of major cities in the world (New York and Sydney) and to determine trends in the data.

Students will create histograms to analyse the average annual temperatures; will compare data sets; will learn the use of time series, scatter plots, and the correlation coefficient to determine the statistical significance of temperature trends; and will interpret the results.  

Use this tool to help your students find answers to:

  1. Discuss the annual average temperature trends for New York and Sydney for the given data sets.
  2. Use statistical methods to compare the temperature records for the entire period to the
    temperature records for the past 30 years. Discuss your observations.
About Tool
Tool Name Historical Temperature Trends
Discipline Mathematics and Statistics
Topic(s) in Discipline Descriptive Statistics, Correlation and Regression Analyses, Introduction to Statistics, Linear Regression
Climate Topic Climate Variability Record
Type of tool Classroom/Laboratory Activity
Grade Level High School, Undergraduate
Location Global
Language English
Translation      –
Developed by Marina Nechayeva and Steven Cosares
Hosted at Teaching Manual for Elementary Statistics: Society and Environment by Mangala Kothari
Access Online/Offline
Computer Skills Basic


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