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Impact of Climate Change on Agrarian Civilizations: Agriculture in the Nile Basin


As a High School History or Economics or Agricultural Sciences teacher, you can use this set of computer-based tools to teach about the rise of agriculture and the concomitant rise of agrarian societies/civilizations. This lesson plan will show how Egyptian Civilization thrived with agriculture, the latter being important for present day Egyptian economy also and is now threatened by climate change.

This lesson plan teaches about how agricultural practices evolved across the globe and in Egypt specifically. It will show how Egyptian civilization rose around the Nile Basin and has always been dependent on agriculture for food security, livelihoods and for its economy. However, recent climate disturbances causing frequent flooding and drought in the Nile Basin has adversely affected agriculture and thus pose a threat to Egyptian society. This lesson plan includes a resource for students to understand the link between climatic factors and crop yield in Egypt and/or other parts of the world.

Learning Outcome

The tools in this lesson plan will enable students to:

  1. Explain the concept and importance of pricing carbon
  2. Evaluate carbon pricing as an instrument for climate policy packaging
  3. Describe shadow prices in environmental economics
  4. Distinguish between shadow price, social cost and market price
  5. Define discount rate, marginal abatement costs and statistical value of life

A teacher-contributed lesson plan by Dr. Moemen Hanafy, Dr. Zakaria Fawzy, Dr. Mai Allam, Dr. Magda Mohamed, and Dr. Hanaa Abdelbaky (National Research Centre); Dr. Ahmed Fawzy Elkot and Dr. Heba Essam (Agricultural Research Centre); and Dr. Alsayed Mashaheet (Damanhour University); Egypt.

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Mapped Sustainable Development Goal(s), apart from 4 and 13


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