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Climate Change and Himalayan Glaciers in Bhutan


As a High School or Undergraduate Geography or Earth Sciences teacher, you can use this set of computer-based tools to teach about landforms. This lesson plan focuses on glaciers, glacier lakes and climate change induced glacier lake outburst floods (GLOFs).

Use this lesson plan to teach your students about the formation and characteristics of glaciers, types of glaciers, and the effect of climate change on glaciers. Global warming is causing glaciers to melt rapidly, resulting in larger volumes of water accumulating in glacier lakes. In time, these glacier lakes burst their morainic banks resulting in GLOFs that cause widespread damage downstream of the glaciers. Globally, there are many potential hotspots for GLOFs. This lesson plan includes resources to show how the Himalayan country of Bhutan has been affected by climate change induced GLOFs and their methods of adaptation to avert disaster.

Thus, the use of this lesson plan allows you to integrate the teaching of a climate science topic with a core topic in Geography or Earth Sciences.

Learning Outcome

The tools in this lesson plan will enable students to:

  1. Define what are glaciers and describe their components
  2. Describe the different types of glaciers
  3. Understand how glaciers are affected by climate change
  4. Discuss the dangers posed by glaciers and the disaster management strategies employed to mitigate them

Teacher contributed lesson plan by Tshering Wangchuk (Dechencholing Higher Secondary School); Sangay Jamtho (Lungtenzampa Middle Secondary School); Zangmo, Tshering Pelden, and Tashi Choden (Changzamtog Middle Secondary School); and Sonal Choden and Munna Tamang (Rinchen Higher Secondary School), Bhutan.

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Mapped Sustainable Development Goal(s), apart from 4 and 13


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